Inter- and transdisciplinary approaches to develop strategies for increasing the resilience of trees in growing cities and urban regions (GreenLung)

Project description

Trees and urban forests mitigate heat-stress, purify air, and provide multiple other ecosystem services. They are often referred as the Green Lungs of city. However, urban trees and forests could be vulnerable to climate change impacts such as drought, heatwaves etc. Pollution from motor vehicles and other sources, mechanical damage from human activities could assert additional stresses on plants’ health and physiological activities.

In addition, rapid urbanization in growing cities (e.g. Karlsruhe) poses new challenge to maintain a sustainable green cover and healthy population of plants inside or near cities. In this context; increasing the awareness of citizens and involving civil society organizations and city administrations are vital for maintaining a green city with healthy trees and forests. There is an urgent need to develop an adaptation planning system for management of single trees and forested areas in urban region based on scientific evidence.

The aim of the BMBF Zukunftsstadt (“Future City”) project which was funded with 1.41 million Euro is to assess the ecological, social and economic resilience of urban tree species and forests by applying trans- and interdisciplinary approaches in urban regions of City Karlsruhe and City Rheinstetten. The project will be carried out by a transdisciplinary consortium in which ITAS has the leadership. Communal partners are the Cities of Karlsruhe and Rheinstetten; scientific partners, both located in Freiburg, are the Forest Research Institute of Baden-Württemberg (FVA) and the Research Centre Human Biometeorology (ZMMF) of the German Weather Service.

Together with FVA we will study the impacts of droughts, heatwaves, and pollution on the vitality of trees using dendroecological and ecophysiological approaches. In addition we will assess the potential of different tree species and forest types to mitigate heat stress in urban areas. For this purpose the ZMMF will carry out measurements and model calculations. Grounded on data obtained from these on-site measurements and from other data sources we will valuate multiple ecosystem services from urban trees and forests and develop strategies to reduce trade-offs between different types of ecosystem services.

We will apply transdisciplinary methods (e.g. Real World Lab “District Future – Urban Lab” of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) to increase the public awareness on the importance of a green city with healthy population of plants.


Book Chapters
Arzt, I.; Fricke, A.
Sonnendeck für Eidechsen.
2021. Baden-Württemberg macht einfach - 17 Ideen für eine Welt von morgen, 44, RENN.süd 
Journal Articles
Beckmann-Wübbelt, A.; Fricke, A.; Sebesvari, Z.; Yakouchenkova, I. A.; Fröhlich, K.; Saha, S.
High public appreciation for the cultural ecosystem services of urban and peri‑urban forests during the COVID-19 pandemic.
2021. Sustainable Cities and Society, 74, Art.-Nr.: 103240. doi:10.1016/j.scs.2021.103240
Rogozinski, S.; Saha, S.
The current state of resilience research in urban forestry: a qualitative literature review.
2021. International Journal of Plant and Environment, 7 (1), 1–16. doi:10.18811/ijpen.v7i01.4
Albiez, M.; Fricke, A.; Meyer-Soylu, S.; Seebacher, A.; Trenks, H.
Methodenvernissage: Transformation trifft Forschung – eine Methodenvernissage aus dem Reallabor Quartier Zukunft.
2021. 3. Darmstädter Tage der Transformation (2021), Online, March 15–19, 2021 
Almeida, I.; Fricke, A.; Saha, S.; Fröhlich, K.; Cueva, J.
Wie kann man Ökosystemleistungen von Bäumen messen?.
2021. EFFEKTE im Juni: Von Digitalbauern, Mischwäldern und Nachhaltigkeit (2021), Online, June 15, 2021 
Fricke, A.; Beckmann-Wübbelt, A.; Saha, S.; Almeida, I.
Kulturelle Ökosystemdienstleistungen von Bäumen in Karlsruhe.
2021. EFFEKTE im Juni: Von Digitalbauern, Mischwäldern und Nachhaltigkeit (2021), Online, June 15, 2021 
Parodi, O.
Nachhaltige Entwicklung.
2021. Workshop "Kulturförderung jetzt in Zukunft" (2021), Freiburg, Germany, July 20–21, 2021 
Parodi, O.
Quo vadis Reallabor?.
2021. Fachtagung "Herausforderung Reallabor" (2021), Online, February 18, 2021 
Parodi, O.
Perspektive Reallabor: Grenzenlose Möglichkeiten der urbanen Transformation?.
2021. Difu-WebSeminar "Impulse für die Zukunft : Kreative Methoden und Prozesse in der Stadtentwicklung" (2021), Online, January 28–29, 2021 
Parodi, O.; Wagner, F.
Reallabor Karlsruhe: „Quartier Zukunft“, Karlsruhe und die Zukunftweltstadt.
2021. IQ-Netzwerktreffen (2021), Online, February 25, 2021 
Book Chapters
Goldschmidt, R.; Fricke, A.; Trenks, H.
Praxisbeispiel GrüneLunge : Die Journalmethode.
2020. MONARES : Leitfaden zur Unterstützung bei der Evaluation von Maßnahmen zur Steigerung der Klimaresilienz. Mitarb.: T. Kaiser. Stand: Mai 2020, 27, adelphi 
Goldschmidt, R.; Fricke, A.; Trenks, H.
Praxisbeispiel GrüneLunge : Die Posterbefragung.
2020. MONARES : Leitfaden zur Unterstützung bei der Evaluation von Maßnahmen zur Steigerung der Klimaresilienz. Mitarb.: T. Kaiser. Stand: Mai 2020, 21, adelphi 
Parodi, O.
Das Konzept „Reallabor“ und Einblicke in das „Quartier Zukunft – Labor Stadt“.
2020. Forschungsseminar „The Future of Modernist Housing“ (2020), Karlsruhe, Germany, December 17, 2020 
Parodi, O.
Reallabore: Transfer und Transformation Richtung Nachhaltigkeit.
2020. Trio-Forum: Reallabore - virtuelle Impulsveranstaltung (2020), Online, May 13, 2020 
Journal Articles
Parodi, O.; Seebacher, A.; Albiez, M.; Beecroft, R.; Fricke, A.; Herfs, L.; Meyer-Soylu, S.; Stelzer, V.; Trenks, H.; Wagner, F.; Waitz, C.
Das Format ,,Reallabor“ weiterentwickeln: Best-Practice-Beispiel Karlsruher Transformationszentrum.
2019. Gaia, 28 (3), 322–323. doi:10.14512/gaia.28.3.17Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Albiez, M.; Meyer-Soylu, S.; Seebacher, A.; Späthe, J.; Trenks, H.
Klimaschutz mit Herz und Hand: Eine Methoden-Vernissage.
2019. K3 Kongress zu Klimawandel, Kommunikation und Gesellschaft (2019), Karlsruhe, Germany, September 24–25, 2019 
Parodi, O.
Reallabore: Experimetierräume für eine Ökonomie der Nachhaltigkeit.
2019. Auf zu neuen Ufern : Der Beitrag der Wirtschaftswissenschaften zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung (2019), Bern, Switzerland, September 25, 2019 
Parodi, O.
Reallabore als Rahmen tranformativer und transdisziplinärer Forschung.
2019. Tagung “Transformative Wissenschaft” (2019), Würzburg, Germany, September 30, 2019 
Parodi, O.
Konzeptionelle und praktische Erkenntnisse aus dem Reallabor “Quartier Zukunft - Labor Stadt”.
2019. Abschlusstagung des Projekts "DoNaPart" (2019), Dortmund, Germany, October 11, 2019 
Parodi, O.
Impulse für den CoLiving Campus: Das Konzept “Reallabor”.
2019. Workshop “CoLiving Campus” (2019), Brunswick, Germany, November 19, 2019 
Parodi, O.
“Quartier Zukunft - Labor Stadt” - Erfahrungen aus dem Karlsruher Reallabor.
2019. Denksalon (2019), Görlitz, Germany, September 13, 2019 
Parodi, O.
Das Leben in der Stadt von morgen: ... menschlich und nachhaltig?.
2019. Zukunftsforum (2019), Dresden, Germany, May 30, 2019 
Parodi, O.; Seebacher, A.
Real-world Labs - as transdisciplinary and transformative infrastructure.
2019. 3rd Indo-German Dialogue on Green Urban Practices: Co-creation of the Living Environment (2019), Pune, Indien, December 5–7, 2019 


Dr. rer. nat. Somidh Saha
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe

Tel.: +49 721 608-24644