The E-Health Act has provided a roadmap for faster networking of all stakeholders in the health care system. In addition, patient data should be downloadable more quickly. In the course of this, the first voluntary, medical application “Emergency data management” (NFDM) of the electronic health-card (eGK) will be supported by 2018 with the provision of medical data of the patient, as far as necessary for emergency care.
In the future, doctors will be able to record – two separate data sets on the patients’ eGK. These are
- Medical information relating to emergency (emergency data set);
- Reference to the storage/filing location of the patients’ declarations of intent (personal data record).
The objective of the emergency data set is to provide physicians with information about the patient's history (e.g. permanent diagnoses, long-term medications) that have to be immediately downloadable to avoid an unfavorable course of the disease in certain treatment situations.
The gematik Gesellschaft für Telematikanwendungen der Gesundheitskarte mbH is currently preparing the trial of the application of emergency data management. Within this framework, the IZT, together with ITAS, carries out a risk analysis of emergency data management.
This risk analysis NFDM includes a theoretical analysis in the form of a scientific report including recommendations of action for testing the NFDM of the eGK. Based on the data resulting from a consultation of medical emergency and acute care experts medical risks resulting from the use of NFDM and options for action to reduce potential medical risks should be identified. Results of the risk analysis should prepare the scientific evaluation of the subsequent testing. Furthermore, they should directly influence the testing of the NDFM in form of concrete composition recommendations.