The need for mobility of people worldwide continues to increase. This is due to economic factors, but also to migration, tourism, and the increasing global networking of many people. Thus, the associated problems such as climate-damaging emissions, overloaded transport infrastructures, accidents, and noise are becoming more acute. These developments are concentrated in urban agglomerations, which are subject to further densification worldwide, and are increasingly hindering the creation of livable environments. At the same time, exactly the opposite developments are threatening the quality of life and mobility in rural areas. Electromobility, including electrically assisted bicycles and scooters, flying taxis, and even inner-city cable cars are intended to address these problems.
ITAS primarily investigates new mobility concepts, which deal with technical innovations on the one hand and with changing mobility patterns of people on the other. For example, we analyze the possibilities of autonomous vehicles as well as the ethical challenges of their use in urban environments, but also in the surrounding areas.
Sustainability of biofuels
ITAS also intensively studies the sustainability of second generation biofuels (synthetic fuels from agricultural and forestry residues) and third generation biofuels (fuels from algae). In the projects Energy System 2050, reFuels, and Photofuel, the entire “life cycle” is examined and compared with that of conventional fuels and battery electric vehicles.
Automated driving and digitalization
Digitalization is regarded as an important factor for innovations in the mobility system. It enables, for example, a better networking of different modes of transport or an easier use of multi- and intermodal transport services. Automated driving is intended to improve road safety or help to establish new mobility services. Among other things, ITAS studies the possible design of such innovations and the effects that can be expected after their implementation.
Socio-technical change and future mobility
Technical and social change are strongly interconnected and influence each other – especially in the mobility sector. Against this background, work at ITAS focuses on technical and social developments and their potentials to change established mobility patterns and enable future mobility concepts (e.g., personal air transport systems or urban ropeway systems). In the process, researchers develop options and strategies for their political design and implementation.