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Opportunities and obstacles of urban ropeway systems in Baden Württemberg, Germany

Opportunities and obstacles of urban ropeway systems in Baden Württemberg, Germany
Project team:

Puhe, Maike (Project leader); Max Reichenbach

Funding:

Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Transport

Start date:

2016

End date:

2018

Project partners:

KIT: Institute for Transport Studies (IfV)

Research group:

Innovation processes and impacts of technology

Project description

In recent years, transport experts and urban planners have time and again discussed urban ropeway systems as innovative and sustainable solution in support of existing public urban transport systems. Many examples around the world show that urban ropeways offer a unique travel experience for its users and can reduce travel times. Ropeway installations do not only serve as a tourist attraction, but can also be fully integrated into existing public transport systems (e.g. regarding timetables and tariffs). This could encourage people to make more use of public transport. Ropeways can be used to overcome topographic, architectural or traffic barriers, to reach areas with poor public transport or highly frequented areas, or act as feeders to existing public transport nodes. Cabins allow barrier-free access for wheelchair users and cyclists. Moreover, in many places, public transport networks cannot be further expanded as they have already reached capacity or spatial limits. Here, urban ropeways could provide additional capacity with relatively little effort and expense. While in other parts of the world ropeways have already been established as a complementary urban transport system (e.g. Colombia, Bolivia), in Germany most ideas have so far failed to get off the ground.

In recent years, however, the number of project ideas on the use of ropeways in urban areas has increased significantly. It is striking that, in a number of cases, such concepts have met substantial resistance from professionals (such as transport companies or authorities) and the population, which prevented the realization of such projects. We will ask whether this resistance is based on quantifiable factors and whether transport planning routines or attitudes and interests of actors hamper the implementation.

In a first step, we insight into both successful and unsuccessful urban ropeway projects in Germany was provided. In semi-structured expert interviews we actor dynamics were analyzed, also looking at whether they trigger or hamper the course of ropeway projects. Three cities in Baden-Württemberg were then analyzed qualitatively by conducting focus group discussions with the public and stakeholder workshops in order to identify conflicts of interest, goals, and norms and values at stake. Additionally, for one of the cities, the impact of a potential urban ropeway line and the suitability of microscopic transport models and standard assessment methods for urban ropeways were analyzed.

Detailed results

The detailed results of the project can be found in the following reports (in German):

  • Handlungsleitfaden Urbane Luftseilbahnen: Empfehlungen aus dem Projekt „Hoch hinaus“
    Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M. (2018)
    Volltext/pdf
    Summary of main results and recommendations
  • Arbeitsbericht Nr. 2:
    Urbane Seilbahnen in Baden-Württemberg: Explorative Analyse von Bürgersicht, Expertenmeinungen und Planungshürden
    Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M.; Soylu, T.; von Behren, S.; Chlond, B. (2017)
    Volltext/pdf
    Results from expert and citizen workshops in Heidelberg, Stuttgart and Konstanz; quantitative analysis for the of Stuttgart
  • Arbeitsbericht Nr. 1:
    Praxis urbaner Luftseilbahnen
    Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M. (2016)
    Volltext/pdf
    Updated version as “KIT Scientific Working Paper”:
    Praxis urbaner Luftseilbahnen
    Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M. (2017)
    Volltext/pdf
    Typical cases for urban ropeways; analysis of previous urban ropeway projects in Germany

Publications


2019
Presentations
Puhe, M.
Urbane Seilbahnen - Potentiale und Hemmnisse eines ungewohnten Verkehrsmittels.
2019. Sitzung des Verkehrsausschusses der IHK (2019), Karlsruhe, Germany, September 19, 2019 
Reichenbach, M.
Hoch hinaus in Baden-Württemberg: Potentiale und Hemmnisse urbaner Luftseilbahnen.
2019. 22. Bundesweite Umwelt- und Verkehrs-Kongress (BUVKO 2019), Darmstadt, Germany, March 15–17, 2019 
2018
Book Chapters
Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M.
Urbane Seilbahnen - Herausforderungen der Diffusion eines ungewohnten Verkehrsmittels.
2018. "Grand Challenges" meistern : Der Beitrag der Technikfolgenabschätzung. Hrsg.: M. Decker, Nomos, Baden-Baden 
Presentations
Puhe, M.; Reichenbach, M.
Hoch hinaus in Baden-Württemberg: Machbarkeit, Chancen und Hemmnisse urbaner Luftseilbahnen.
2018. Abschlusskonferenz WITMO: Nachhaltig Mobil -Wissenstransfer von der Forschung in die Praxis (2018), Stuttgart, Germany, October 5, 2018 
Puhe, M.; Reichenbach, M.
Hoch hinaus in Baden-Württemberg: Machbarkeit, Chancen und Hemmnisse urbaner Luftseilbahnen.
2018. Projektvorstellung beim Ministerium für Verkehr (2018), Stuttgart, Germany, July 9, 2018 
Reichenbach, M.
Hoch hinaus in Baden-Württemberg: Potentiale und Hemmnisse urbaner Luftseilbahnen.
2018. 36. Horber Schienen-Tage (2018), Horb am Neckar, Germany, November 21–25, 2018 
Reichenbach, M.
Hoch hinaus in Baden-Württemberg: Potentiale und Hemmnisse urbaner Luftseilbahnen.
2018. 12. Deutscher Nahverkehrstag (2018), Koblenz, Germany, April 24–26, 2018 
2017
Presentations
Reichenbach, M.
Hoch hinaus in Baden-Württemberg. Forschungsprojekt zum Potential urbaner Luftseilbahnen.
2017. Podiumsdiskussion zu den Möglichkeiten einer innerstädtischen Luftseilbahn in Tübingen, Tübingen, 8.November 2017 
Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M.
Urbane Seilbahnen: Bürger- und Expertenperspektiven aus Baden-Württemberg.
2017. Deutscher Kongress für Geographie, Tübingen, 30.September - 5.Oktber 2017 
Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M.
Urban ropeways in Germany: Citizen and expert views.
2017. 2nd Swiss Mobility Conference, Lausanne, CH, June 29-30, 2017 
Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M.
Urbane Luftseilbahnen: Besondere Herausforderungen beim EInsatz in der Stadt.
2017. 13.Stadtbahnforum, Magdeburg, 9.-10.Mai 2017 
2016
Presentations
Reichenbach, M.
Hoch hinaus in Baden-Württemberg. Erste Ergebnisse aus dem laufenden Forschungsprojekt.
2016. Mit Seilbahnen zu attraktiverem ÖV? - Diskussionsveranstaltung, Stuttgart, 25.Juli 2016 
Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M.
Urbane Seilbahnen - Herausforderungen der Diffusion eines ungewohnten Verkehrsmittels.
2016. 7. internationale Tagung des Netzwerks Technikfolgenabschätzung (NTA7), Bonn, 16.-18.November 2016 
Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M.; Schippl, J.
Flying high in urban ropeways. Chances and obstacles of urban ropeway systems in Germany.
2016. mobil.TUM Conference 2016, München, June 6-7, 2016 
Reichenbach, M.; Puhe, M.; Schippl, J.
Flying high in urban ropeways. Chances and obstacles of urban ropeway systems in Germany.
2016. International Workshop ’Desirable Transport Futures’, Freiburg, June 28 - July 1, 2016 

Contact

Dipl.-Geogr. Maike Puhe
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe
Germany

Tel.: +49 721 608-26487
E-Mail