QuartrBack – District-wide intelligent emergency chain for people with dementia

Project description

With the illness progressing, people with dementia show versatile and momentous changes in their behavior. Besides disorientation which frequently goes along with dementia, restlessness (agitation) and wandering are the most common and permanent behaviors, followed by depression, anxiety, and aggression. In the early stages of the illness, the diagnosis often results in isolation. Shame, fear, and an increasing disorientation to place reduce the degree of self-determination, independence, and social participation. In the advanced stages of the illness, custodial measures, sedating medication, and restraint – sometimes even without the necessary legal basis – belong to the most common compensatory mechanisms of domestic and, on occasion, institutional care settings. For many people with dementia the transition to an institutional care setting is inevitable, especially in the last stages of the illness.

The objective of QuartrBack is to enable people with dementia to have save access to their individual social spaces in the quarter, to participate in social life, and to maintain an individual lifestyle. For this to happen, a demand-oriented technology for locating and monitoring that will be newly developed as a part of this project will – in combination with different, already existing technologies (human-technology interaction) for locating, monitoring, access control, and information – be applied to strengthen the free movement and independence of people with dementia according to their individual needs. With the new service ServiceCenterPflege (SCP) potential emergency situations can be identified, assessed, and, from a range of different assistance strategies, the most effective one can be initiated to prevent an emergency situation. The integration of municipalities and civic engagement plays an essential role in the formation of an "intelligent emergency chain" in which a network of voluntary helpers (consisting of relatives, professional care workers, and voluntary assistants) will be actively involved in the emergency management.

ITAS is mainly responsible for the technology assessment of the overall process. Special focus will be put on the technical, legal, economic, and especially the social and ethical aspects of the technologies used in the project. This is also the context in which the project-accompanying interdisciplinary discourse will take place. Beyond that, ITAS will take over the situational and expectation analyses in which the expectations of the different stakeholders involved as well as their demands on the technology will initially be discussed and eventually reconciled as consensually as possible. Moreover, ITAS will support the project partners in various ways, e.g., in the conception and the setup of the SCP and the network of voluntary helpers and especially with the accompanying monitoring of an extensive field test in which the application of the diverse technologies in combination with SCP and the network of helpers will be tested under real conditions.

Project website: http://www.quartrback.de/


Weinberger, N.
Blinde Flecken in der Entwicklung von assistiven Technologien in der Pflege
2022. Digitalisierung und Pflege - Technik als Ausgleich für Mangel? (2022), Online, February 24, 2022 
Journal Articles
Weinberger, N.; Weis, A.; Pohlmann, S.; Brändle, C.; Zentek, T.; Ose, D.; Szecsenyi, J.
A New Method for Structured Integration of User Needs in Two Health Technology Development Projects: Action Sheets
2021. Informatics for health and social care, 46, 113–125. doi:10.1080/17538157.2020.1865968Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Weinberger, N.
Bürgerbeteiligung von Menschen mit Seheinschränkungen und Demenz
2021, October 28. Digitale Mittagspause: Meine, deine, unsere Daten - rechtliche und ethische Fragen bei Citizen-Science-Projekten (2021), Online, October 28, 2021 
Book Chapters
Krings, B.-J.; Weinberger, N.
Kann es technische Assistenten in der Pflege geben? Überlegungen zum Begriff der Assistenz in Pflegekontexten
2017. Assistive Gesellschaft : Multidisziplinäre Erkundungen zur Sozialform ’Assistenz’. Hrsg.: P. Biniok, 183–201, VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften 
Conference Papers
Weinberger, N.; Hirsch, J.
Welche Art von mobilitätsfördernder Technologie ist im Pflegearrangement von Menschen mit Demenz zur Bedarfserfüllung notwendig? - Aushandlungsprozesse zwischen Pflegekräften und Technikentwicklern
2016. Zukunft Lebensräume : Gesundheit, Selbstständigkeit und Komfort im demografischen Wandel. Konzepte und Technologien für die Wohnungs-, Immobilien-, Gesundheits- und Pflegewirtschaft, 216–220, VDE Verlag 
Zentek, T.; Weinberger, N.; Brändle, C.; Hirsch, J.
Analyse von Anforderungen an eine intelligente Notfallkette für Menschen mit Demenz im Quartier. Das Projekt QuartrBack
2016. Zukunft Lebensräume : Gesundheit, Selbstständigkeit und Komfort im demografischen Wandel. Konzepte und Technologien für die Wohnungs-, Immobilien-, Gesundheits- und Pflegewirtschaft, 213–215, VDE Verlag 


Dipl.-Ing. Nora Weinberger
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe

Tel.: 0721 608-23972