FUTUREBODY – The Future of the Body in the Light of Neurotechnology

Project description

While neuroscience generally attracts considerable public interest, this is particularly true of the rapidly expanding discourse on the merger of human corporeality with technology. In this discourse, neurotechnology (NT) often features as the harbinger of a future in which the body is transformed in a process of ever-increasing ‘technologization’. It is expected that such technologization will happen in at least three ways: (1) technological modifications of the body in which surgical interventions (implants, prostheses) allow technology to replace or augment bodily functions, (2) the use of technologies that modify the body without such interventions (non-invasive neurostimulation technologies), and (3) brain-machine interface technology capable of coupling humans and artefacts.

NT has taken centre stage in many visions of a technologized future body, for example in transhumanism. These visions, as well as a number of current practices within and beyond the medical realm, raise not only hopes and grand expectations but also fears and a disquieting sense of unease. Philosophical, social-scientific, legal and other non-natural scientific research on neuroscience is well-developed, neuroethics being a prime example. This also includes research specifically conducted into certain NTs, as well as research on the topic of ‘human enhancement’.

From a different angle, ‘cyborg’ notions and similar concepts are increasingly used in various cultural studies (e.g. media, ‘posthumanist’ or science fiction studies) to analyse (arguably fundamental) changes in the relationships between humans and technology and in particular to explore the merger of corporeality with technology. Given that the field of disability studies can help include the perspectives of early adopters and rejecters of the technologies in question and provide adequate theoretical and empirical approaches, works in this area are of particular importance.

However, there is a dearth of studies that take an encompassing approach and of any broadly interdisciplinary exchange on the topic of human-technology mergers. The aim in the FUTUREBODY project is to make a major contribution to remedying this situation. It will thus

  • (i) integrate philosophical analysis of embodiment and agency as core concepts regarding mechanised corporeality,
  • (ii) vision assessment for the understanding of the overall social and cultural significance of NTs and of broader visions of the future of the human body,
  • (iii) socio-empirical research in using quantitative and qualitative methods to better understand the practices and points of view of actual or potential users of NT and people closely working with them,
  • (iv) participatory reflection on NTs including art-science interactions and the use of films in particular, as well as (other) experimental practices,
  • and (v) a socio-theoretical approach which focuses on ability expectations.

The project in which ITAS cooperates with institutional partners from Calgary, Freiburg and Vienna will contribute to ELSA research by providing a new basis for ethical reflection and help responsibly steer neurotechnological innovation.

Within FUTUREBODY, ITAS is responsible for the overall coordination and for a sub-project on ethical and legal aspects in which ITAS also closely works with Enno Park (Berlin), Romy Rasper (Munich) and Vera Borrmann (Vienna). The sub-project will include an analysis of the state of the art of research in and on NT (technoscientific and ELSA), a vision assessment study, case studies on cochlear implants and neurostimulation technologies, and an analysis of how future visions and current practices interact in shaping the options for the further innovation trajectory and governance of NT.


Book Chapters
Borrmann, V.; Coenen, C.; Gerstgrasser, L.; Albers, E.; Müller, O.; Kellmeyer, P.
Resurrecting the ‘body’: phenomenological perspectives on embodiment
2023. The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Human Enhancement, Hrsg.: Fabrice Jotterand, Marcello Ienca, 87–102, Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781003105596-9
Coenen, C.
Spotlights on the history of human enhancement discourse
2023. The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Human Enhancement, Hrsg.: Fabrice Jotterand, Marcello Ienca, 18–29, Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781003105596-4
Coenen, C.
Über uns hinauswachsen – eine Einführung in Human Enhancement
2023. Beyond Human : Neue Möglichkeiten für Körper und Geist (2023), Linz, Austria, November 21, 2023 
Book Chapters
Coenen, C.; Grunwald, A.
Von der Erlösung zur Lösungsorientierung und zurück? Quasi-religiöse Zukunftsvisionen als Herausforderung und Chance für die Technikfolgenabschätzung
2022. Immanente Religion – Transzendente Technologie: Technologiediskurse und gesellschaftliche Grenzüberschreitungen. Hrsg.: Sabine Maasen, David Atwood, 159–190, Verlag Barbara Budrich 
Book Chapters
Coenen, C.
Die wissenschaftlich-technisch ermöglichte Gottwerdung der Menschheit
2021. Wer bist du, Mensch? Transformationen menschlicher Selbstverständnisse im wissenschaftlich-technischen Fortschritt. Hrsg.: Grunwald, Armin, 324–346, Herder 
Coenen, C.
Transcending Natural Limitations: The Military–Industrial Complex and the Transhumanist Temptation
2021. Transhumanism: The Proper Guide to a Posthuman Condition or a Dangerous Idea?. Ed.: W. Hofkirchner, 97–110, Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-56546-6_6
Conference Papers
Coenen, C.; Stieglitz, T.
Neurotech-Ethics: Suggestions for the Way Forward
2021. 2021 10th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER), 639–642, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi:10.1109/NER49283.2021.9441374
Coenen, C.
Die Zukunft des Körpers zwischen Selbstoptimierung und notwendiger Medizintechnik
2021. Symposium 2021: Ist Gesundheit Ansichtssache? Antworten aus Recht, Kultur, Technologie und Ethik (2021), Karlsruhe, Germany, October 13, 2021 
Coenen, C.
Die Veränderung des Gesundheitsverständnisses in Zeiten der technischen Aufrüstung des menschlichen Körpers und seine Auswirkungen auf das leibliche Selbstverständnis
2021, June 25. Fachtagung „Menschen als Datensätze? Personalisierte Medizin und Perspektiven von ‚Behinderung‘“ - Institut Mensch, Ethik und Wissenschaft (IMEW) / Katholischen Akademie Berlin (2021), Online, June 24–25, 2021 
Coenen, C.
Body Loathing, Life and Death
2021. Workshop „Future Bodies“ - Ruhr-Universität Bochum / Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (2021), Online, October 1, 2021 
Coenen, C.
Neurotech ethics in interdisciplinary technology assessment
2021, October 6. Annual Conference of the German Society for Biomedical Engineering (BMT 2021), Hanover, Germany, October 5–7, 2021 
Book Chapters
Şahinol, M.; Coenen, C.; Motika, R.
2020. Upgrades der Natur, künftige Körper. Hrsg.: M. Şahinol, V-XVII, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 
Borrmann, V.; Coenen, C.
Contextualizing the Renaissance of Psychedelics
2020. Locating and Timing Matters: Significance and agency of STS in emerging worlds (EASST/4S 2020), Online, August 18–21, 2020 
Coenen, C.
Der Transhumanismus: Seine Herkunft, gegenwärtige Bedeutung und Visionen
2020. Ringvorlesung „Niemals genug? Leben in der Optimierungsgesellschaft“ der Universität zu Köln (2020), Online, April 28, 2020 
Coenen, C.
From the 2009 STOA Human Enhancement study to the FUTUREBODY project
2020. SIENNA Workshop on Ethical Guidelines and Actions for Human Enhancement (2020), Enschede, Netherlands, October 22–23, 2020 
Coenen, C.
More Horrible than Demogorgon? Intelligent Machines and Human Destiny
2020. Workshop AI Visions and Narratives (2020), Online, September 17–18, 2020 
Coenen, C.
Remarks on the Politics of Citizen Bioscience
2020. STARBIOS2 final event "Responsible Research in Biosciences: Challenges for Mainstreaming" (2020), Online, May 29, 2020 
Coenen, C.; Gammel, S.
Nano : Zur Gegenwart einer Zukunftstechnologie
2020. Interdisziplinäre Ringvorlesung Global Challenges "20/20 Visions: Past and Present Futures of Technology" (2020), Darmstadt, Germany, May 19, 2020 
Book Chapters
Coenen, C.
Die Mensch-Maschine als Utopie
2019. Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion : Handbuch zu Geschichte - Kultur - Ethik. Hrsg.: K. Liggieri, 71–80, J.B. Metzler. doi:10.1007/978-3-476-05604-7_10
Coenen, C.
Was ist der “optimierte Mensch”? Eine Antwort aus den Projekten FUTUREBODY und INOPRO
2019. Deutsch-Amerikanischen Institut (DAI 2019), Heidelberg, Germany, November 27, 2019 
Coenen, C.
Scientific prophecy
2019. Workshop ’Envisioning the Future - Scenarios as Theoretical Tools’ (2019), Vienna, Austria, June 24, 2019 
Coenen, C.
2019. Think Camp CitizenScience@Helmholtz (2019), Berlin, Germany, March 25–26, 2019 
Maia, M. J. F.; Park, E.; Woll, S.
Analysis of cochlear implant activation videos
2019. "Synaptic Dysfunction" & "Ethical, Legal, and Social Aspects (ELSA) of Neuroscience" (2019), Lisbon, Portugal, September 17–18, 2019 


Dipl.-Pol. Christopher Coenen
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe

Tel.: +49 721 608-24559