Institute for Technology Assessment and  Systems Analysis (ITAS)

Post Lithium Storage - Cluster of Excellence – Research topic: Sustainability


Schema POLiS
Source: Marcel Weil

Within the Cluster of Excellence for Post Lithium Storage (POLiS -, scientists from Karlsruhe and Ulm are researching future batteries, which should be powerful, reliable, environmentally friendly and in general more sustainable. The overall objective of our Cluster is to build a fundamental understanding of a new generation of electrochemical energy storage systems and develop a platform for future stationary and mobile applications.

POLiS is targeting emerging systems based on, e.g., sodium-, magnesium-, or aluminum-ions. Such systems are called “post-Li” batteries and have the potential to store more energy, be safer, and provide a less costly, more sustainable option for mass applications.

An important focus at POLiS is on sustainability, which takes ecological, economic and social aspects into account. Within the research project, system analysts and TA experts support the cluster from the outset in considering ecological, economic and social aspects. For example, the recyclability of future material mixtures, the conditions of raw material extraction and the energy costs of the production processes have to be examined intensively. Prospective life cycle assessments are used for the analysis and evaluation of new battery systems. The economic and social implications are also analyzed regarding the whole life cycle. Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) can be used to identify the most promising materials or cell designs that can be recommended for further development steps from a sustainability perspective.


Journal Articles
Baumann, M.; Domnik, T.; Haase, M.; Wulf, C.; Emmerich, P.; Rösch, C.; Zapp, P.; Naegler, T.; Weil, M.
Comparative patent analysis for the identification of global research trends for the case of battery storage, hydrogen and bioenergy.
2021. Technological forecasting and social change, 165, Art.-Nr.: 120505. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120505Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Tomasini Montenegro, C.; Peters, J. F.; Baumann, M.; Zhao-Karger, Z.; Wolter, C.; Weil, M.
Environmental assessment of a new generation battery: The magnesium-sulfur system.
2021. Journal of energy storage, 35, 102053. doi:10.1016/j.est.2020.102053
Journal Issues
D’Urso, C.; Ferraro, M.; Antonucci, V.; Baumann, M.
Special Issue: Sustainability assessment of Energy Storage technologies.
2021. Elsevier 
Baumann, M.; Peters, J.; Ersoy, H.; Weil, M.; Fournier, G.; Moniz, A.; Martins, N. C.
Decision making support for the selection of stationary batteries.
2021. Energy Transition and Sustainability Conference (APEEN 2021), Online, January 20–21, 2021 
Ersoy, H.; Baumann, M.; Weil, M.
Evaluation Study of Regional Added Value Creation by Lithium-ion Battery Energy Storage (BES) towards 2050.
2021. Energy Transition and Sustainability Conference (APEEN 2021), Online, January 20–21, 2021 
Liu, H.; Montenegro, C.; Aßen, N. von der; Weil, M.
Sustainability Assessment of Promising Anode Materials for Post-Lithium Battery Systems in Early Design Phases.
2021. Energy Transition and Sustainability Conference (APEEN 2021), Online, January 20–21, 2021 
Liu, H.; Aßen, N. von der; Baumann, M.; Weil, M.
Comparative LCA of Emerging Carbon Electrode Materials: exploring sustainable process route of sodium-Ion battery manufacturing.
2021. 10th Young Environmental Scientists Meeting (SAC 2021), Online, February 22–26, 2021 
Master's Theses
Erakca, M.
Energy- and Material Flow Analysis of the Production of a Lithium-Ion Battery Cell. master’s thesis.
2020. Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) 
Journal Articles
Barelli, L.; Baumann, M.; Bidini, G.; Ottaviano, P. A.; Schneider, R. V.; Passerini, S.; Trombetti, L.
Reactive Metals as Energy Storage and Carrier Media: Use of Aluminum for Power Generation in Fuel Cell-Based Power Plants.
2020. Energy technology, 8 (9), Art. Nr.: 2000233. doi:10.1002/ente.202000233Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Baumann, M.; Barelli, L.; Passerini, S.
The Potential Role of Reactive Metals for a Clean Energy Transition.
2020. Advanced energy materials, 10 (27), Art. Nr.: 2001002. doi:10.1002/aenm.202001002
Conference Papers
Elkadragy, M.; Iqbal, M.; Awad, M. L.; Baumann, M.; Opal, A.; Hiller, M.; Nathwani, J.; Knebel, J.
Hybrid Off-grid and Decentralized Renewable Electricity Systems Techno-Economic Model (HOTEM). A Building block of a comprehensive techno-economic approach based on contrastive case studies in Sub-Sahran Africa and Canada.
2020. 10th Solar & Storage Integration Workshop, Energynautics GmbH 
Baumann, M.; Domnik, T.; Haase, M.; Wulf, C.; Emmerich, P.; Rösch, C.; Zapp, P.; Naegler, T.; Weil, M.
Analyse internationaler Patentstrategien für Li-Ion Batterien, Biomasse und Wasserstoff im Kontext der deutschen Energiewende.
2020. 16. Symposium Energieinnovation (2020), Graz, Austria, February 12–14, 2020 
Baumann, M.; Peters, J.; Weil, M.; Ersoy, H.
Supporting decision making towards increasing the sustainability of battery storage.
2020. Workshop: Maximizing the Environmental Utility of Battery Storage: Building a Life Cycle Assessment Framework Session 2: Current Approaches to Decision-Making Agenda, University of California (2020), Los Angeles, CA, USA, October 23, 2020 
Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Peters, J.; Haase, M.
How to store my energy? Challenges and potentials using MCDA for decision support in the field of energy storage.
2020. Operational Research Seminar Centro de Matemática e Aplicações (2020), Online, December 18, 2020 
Liu, H.; Cornelius, G.; Trivedi, S.; Häringer, M.; Bertolini, S.
Cathode Materials for Monovalent Ions: from synthesis to processing.
2020. GS-EWS Virtual Summer Symposium (2020), Online, September 21–22, 2020 
Weil, M.; Montenegro, C. T.; Peters, J. F.; Baumann, M.; Zhao-Karger, Z.; Wolter, C.; Liu, H.; Ersoy, H.; Erakca, M.; Bautista, S.
Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of MgS-Batteries.
2020. International Symposium on Magnesium Batteries (2020), Online, September 8–9, 2020 
Liu, H.; Dou, X.; Lan, L.; Li, J.; Aßen, N. von der; Weil, M.; Baumann, M.
A Review for Environmental Analyses of Sodium-Ion Battery Systems and a Preliminary Life Cycle Assessment of Anode Material Manufacturing.
2020. 41st SETAC North America (2020), Online, November 15–19, 2020 
Book Chapters
Peters, J. F.; Weil, M.; Baumann, M.
The Importance of Recyclability for the Environmental Performance of Battery Systems.
2019. Cascade Use in Technologies 2018 : Internationale Konferenz zur Kaskadennutzung und Kreislaufwirtschaft – Oldenburg 2018. Ed.: A. Pehlken, 104–110, Springer Verlag. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-57886-5_13
Baumann, M.; Ferraro, M.
Sustainability implications for different energy storage technologies.
2019. Workshop "Putting the hydrogen into hybridization: how fuel cells and electrolysers can support energy storage" (2019), Rome, Italy, November 5, 2019 
Meeus, M.; Trapp, V.; Chanson, C.; Barboux, P.; Lorrmann, H.; Weil, M.; Jacques, P.
Battery recycling: state-of-the-art and future trends - Battery 2030+ Initiative.
2019. 3rd International FEV Conference ZERO CO2 MOBILITY (2019), Aachen, Germany, November 7–8, 2019 


Dr.-Ing. Marcel Weil
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe

Tel.: +49 721 608-26718