The challenge for future transport policy is to overcome the paradox of transport becoming ever more efficient on the one hand and the steady growth in transport volume on the other hand. Thus, a transition to a more eco-efficient transport system is needed to cope with recent challenges and the anticipated future developments in the transport sector. Eco-efficient transport can be conceptualized in different ways, but it surely is a basic pillar of a sustainable transport system. A wide range of technologies and concepts supporting eco-efficient transport are available, others are emerging, but are still at an early stage with a low level of market penetration. However, eco-efficiency is not restricted to technologies but encompasses also organizational approaches or business concepts. It includes concepts of ownership of cars, development of integrated transportation services as well as the introduction of stronger demand-oriented public transport.
The proposed project will look at the established, emerging and more visionary (out-of-the box) technologies and concepts supporting eco-efficient transport. It will not only take into account the innovations themselves but also the demand side of transport innovations. In a nutshell, the idea of the project is to conduct technology assessment supported by a consultation of citizens and experts/stakeholders with scenario building as an integrative element. The consultations/assessments will focus on the technical and organizational design of eco-efficient transport systems and on the attitudes and preferences of its users. In doing so, the project uses a demand-oriented foresight approach.