Although the source of greenhouse gas emissions seems to be irrelevant for the climate change, the causes and also the impacts of climate change can be observed on a local and on a regional level (e.g., changed micro-climate with its impacts not only on agriculture). Equally, global strategies that are meant to have an impact on climate change have to be translated to the local and the regional level in order to generate gains (e.g., availability of land for biomass production). Furthermore, it cannot be assumed that carbon sinks are equally distributed all over the world. Therefore, a spatial analysis of the impacts of different carbon management strategies seems to be opportune.
The aim of the project was to develop a stable and flexible tool for a spatial-dynamic analysis of different carbon management strategies, as far as technologies are concerned, jointly with KIT IAI.
The tool bases on the model CarboMoG (Carbon Flow Model of Germany) which was developed at the Institute. CarboMoG is a process-based material flow model which shows the carbon flows in Germany. The aim of the model is to identify and quantify the impacts of technologies on the environment - primarily, concerning greenhouse gas emissions and resource demands - as well as on the structure and on the amount of material and energy flows within a macroeconomic context. To generate a broad effect the adapted model used open-source software as well as open-source data. As to IT, the model will employ a relational web-enabled data base.
Although the focus within the project was on energy technologies, non-energy technologies also were considered.