Crowdwork – finding new strategies to organise in Europe
The European research project “Crowdwork – finding new strategies to organise in Europe” seeks to analyze labor in the digital economy. The focus of the study lies on an emerging form of digital labor called crowd work. The objective of the project is to contribute to a better (self-) organisation of crowd workers in the European context while involving relevant stakeholders such as labor unions into the research.
The term crowd work refers to a new type of digital labor, which is characterized by online platforms, that connect workers on-demand and for a limited period of time to clients. Prominent examples are Lieferando (formerly Deliveroo and Foodora), Amazon Mechanical Turk, testbird or the graphic design platform Jovoto.
In recent years, crowd work has been subject of an ongoing controversial debate that can be characterized by a positive flexibilization narrative on the one side and the critical claim of an emerging class of digital proletarians on the other side. The latter critique usually refers to the accusation of bogus self-employment, to an insufficiently regulated control over crowd workers by algorithms and to a delocalization of work that enables a new form of global division of labor.
This development poses a challenge to labor unions of how to organize and represent crowd workers. Further, innovative forms of self-organized protest campaigns have mobilized crowd workers, especially those working for food delivery platforms.
The research consortium consists of four research institutes located in Portugal, Spain, Hungary and Germany. The goal of the research is not only to investigate the situation in the mentioned countries via qualitative case studies but also to highlight the European dimension of crowd work through a comparative approach.
The ambition is to use the findings to improve working condition in the platform economy, to better connect stakeholders across European countries and to provide policy recommendations on a European level. Thereby, the following research questions will be answered:
- What are the main forms of crowd work in each country?
- Which initiatives by labor unions and which forms of self-organized action have been established? How do they differ?
- Which strategies are needed to further develop these forms of interest representation? How can they be extended in order to address the European context?
Within the research consortium ITAS is investigating crowd work in Germany and is supporting the comparative analysis. Therefore, one explorative case study and further in-depth case studies will be conducted based on qualitative research methods. Major stakeholders within the field, such as labour unions and bottom-up initiatives, will be involved in the study.
Website of project: https://crowd-work.eu/
Care Services organised by digital platforms in Germany and Spain
2021. Digital Labour Platforms. Representing Workers in Europe. Ed.: A. Moniz, 171–184, CICS.NOVA - Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences and Humanities, NOVA University Lisbon (CICS.NOVA)
2021. Digital labour platforms: Representing workers in Europe. Ed.: A B. Moniz; B. J. Krings, 1–19, Húmus/CICS.NOVA
Conclusion: Where is Worker Representation Going? Diverse pathways for platforms workers’ collective strategies
2021. Moniz, António Brandão; Boavida, Nuno; Makó, Csaba; Krings, Bettina-Johanna; Sanz de Miguel, Pablo (Hg.): Digital Labour Platforms. Representing Workers in Europe, 231–244, Húmus/CICS.NOVA
Food Delivery in Germany: From Crowdwork to Regular Employment? In: Digital Labour Platforms. Representing Workers in Europe
2021. Digital Labour Platforms. Representing Workers in Europe. Hrsg.: Moniz, António Brandão; Boavida, Nuno; Makó, Csaba; Krings, Bettina-Johanna; Sanz de Miguel, Pablo, 111–119, Húmus/CICS.NOVA
National Recommendations: Germany
2021. Digital Labour Platforms. Representing Workers in Europe. Hrsg.: Moniz, António Brandão; Boavida, Nuno; Makó, Csaba; Krings, Bettina-Johanna; Sanz de Miguel, Pablo, 201–208, Húmus/CICS.NOVA
National context: Germany
2021. Moniz, António Brandão; Boavida, Nuno; Makó, Csaba; Krings, Bettina-Johanna; Sanz de Miguel, Pablo (Hg.): Digital Labour Platforms. Representing Workers in Europe, 9–13, Húmus/CICS.NOVA
No Crowdwork: The Passenger Transport Act and the Taxi Associations’ Successful Legal Action Against Uber in Germany
2021. Digital Labour Platforms. Representing Workers in Europe. Ed.: A. Brandão Moniz; B.-J. Krings, 71–79, CICS.NOVA
Technikfolgenabschätzung für eine digitale Arbeitswelt
2021. Zukunftsforum Schweinfurt : Robotik und digitale Produktion (2021), Schweinfurt, Germany, June 7, 2021
How is labour organised in German digital platforms
2021. Final international conference of the project Crowdwork (2021), Online, July 29, 2021
Reality check of crowd work in Germany – results and open questions with regard to collective representation
2021. International Conference of the Project Crowdwork (2021), Online, March 4, 2021
Prospektive Weiterbildung für Industrie 4.0: Analyse- und Gestaltungsperspektiven
2020. Digitale Welt – Herausforderungen für die berufliche Bildung und die Professionalität der Lehrenden : Ergebnisse des 5. und 6. Chinesisch-Deutschen Workshops zur Berufsbildungsforschung. Hrsg.: W. Jiping, 157–186, Eusl
The Landscape of Crowd work in Germany An overview of the scientific and public discourse
2020. Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT). doi:10.5445/IR/1000123935
Das Themenfeld Arbeit in der Technikfolgenabschätzung
2020. 1. Digitalisierung, Umbruch und sozialer Zusammenhalt - Konferenz des Netzwerks Arbeits- und Arbeitnehmer*innenforschung Baden-Württemberg statt (2020), Online, October 16, 2020
Das Verhältnis von technischem Wandel und Arbeitswelt
2019. Sitzung des IG Metall Netzwerks Industrie 4.0 (2019), Frankfurt am Main, Germany, November 26, 2019
The landscape of crowdwork in Germany
2019. 2nd Crowdwork 21 Project Meeting (2019), Barcelona, Spain, November 14–15, 2019
Digitalisierung und erweiterte Arbeit
2019. Konferenz “Great Transformation: Die Zukunft moderner Gesellschaften” (2019), Jena, Germany, September 23–27, 2019
Freiwilligenarbeit als Arbeit. Potentiale und Grenzen im Lichte der Anerkennungstheorie von Axel Honneth
2019. Workshop ’Kritische Perspektiven auf Freiwilligenarbeit’ (2019), Frankfurt am Main, Germany, May 27–28, 2019
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
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