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Integrated water resources management (IWRM) for Java in Indonesia

Integrated water resources management (IWRM) for Java in Indonesia
Project team:

Lehn, Helmut (Project leader); Jürgen Kopfmüller (Project leader); Annekatrin Lehmann; Suwartanti Nayono

Funding:

Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)

Start date:

2008

End date:

2014

Research group:

Sustainability and environment

Project description

Background

Due to its location in the tropics, the Island Java (Indonesia), in principle, is rich in rainfall. Anyhow, the south coast area of Java suffers from water shortage during the 3-4 month dry season with only little precipitation. As a result of the special hydro-geological situation of the karst bedrock, most of the precipitation immediately trickles into karst caves. As a consequence there are no surface waters that could provide water during the dry season. The insufficient water supply is one main reason for poor living conditions in the rural areas and can be seen as one reason for the migration of young people ("brain drain") to large cities like Yogyakarta.

In contrast to the lack of surface waters, there are big amounts of subsurface (karst) water resources available with high potential for drinking water development and thus for improving quality of life. In this regard, Integrated Water Resources Management is expected to secure a sustainable development in drinking water development, allocation and sewage disposal considering particularly hydrologic, hygienic, ecologic, economic and social aspects as well as cultural conditions and institutional frameworks.

Goals of the project

The project aims at the development of integrated concepts for water resources management in close cooperation of German and Indonesian project partners of science and industries. The intended key activities are subdivided into the following 6 work packages:

WP1: Exploration of water resources
WP2: Water resources management (water storage, renewable energies, construction)
WP3: Water distribution, Water treatment, water quality assurance
WP4: Waste water and waste treatment
WP5: Socio-economic analysis / Technology assessment
WP6: Implementation / technology -and know-how-transfer (Capacity-Building)

Key activities of ITAS

  • Analysis and ranking of sustainability goals and sustainability deficits to define the main goals and priorities of sustainable development in the region.
  • Definition of an indicator set and identification of target values to describe a sustainable and regionally adapted system for water supply and waste water management.
  • Analysis of different options of water supply and waste water management using Life-Cycle-Assessment (LCA), Life-Cycle-Costing (LCC), Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA), and integrative technology assessment (TA) with regard to technical ability, social, cultural and macro-economic aspects.
  • Analysis of existing and possibly further necessary framework conditions for the implementation of recommended technological options.
  • Cooperation in designing capacity building modules

Involved institutions

KIT / Campus South

  • Institute for Water and River Basin Management (IWG) - coordinator
  • Geodetic Institute (GIK)
  • Inst. of Mineralogy and Geochemistry (IMG)
  • Inst. of Soil Mechanics and Rock Mechanics (IBF)
  • Institute of Concrete Structures and Building Materials (IfMB)
  • Research Center for Steel, Timber and Masonry (VA-SHS)
  • Institute of Aquatic Environmental Engineering (ISWW)

KIT / Campus North

  • Institute for Technical Chemistry (IFG)
  • Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)

University of Gießen

  • Institute for Geography (IfG)

Informations

Publications


2016
Journal Articles
Petney, T. N.; Lehn, H.; Khuntikeo, N.; Dolos, K.; Norra, S.; Holbach, A.; Sithithaworn, P.; Andrews, R. H.; Pfäffle, M. P.
Northeast Thailand : new approaches for avoiding water related liver cancer.
2016. Water solutions, 1 (1), 118–123 
2015
Presentations
Lehn, H.
Sustainable urban water management - understanding waste water as a precious resource.
2015. Workshop " Sustainable Water Resource Management. Perspectives from Europe and South Asia" (2015), New Delhi, India, September 28–29, 2015 
2014
Journal Articles
Presentations
Lehn, H.
Discovery of waste water as a resource for the metropolitain region of Santiago.
2014. Vortr.: Heidelberg Center, Santiago de Chile, RCH, 28.November 2014 
Lehn, H.
Aspects of sustainable water management in the urban environment.
2014. Vortr.: Green Talents visit KIT, Karlsruhe, 28. Oktober 2014 
Lehn, H.
Urban resource management with special emphasis on the water - energy - food nexus.
2014. Institute for Water Structure and renewable Energy (IWSrE) International Conference and Workshop, Surakarta, RI, March 27-28, 2014 
Lehn, H.; Lehmann, A.; Nayono, T.; Kopfmüller, J.
Systems analysis and integrative sustainability assessment to support IWRM Indonesia.
2014. 7. IWRM Statusworkshop (2014), Yogyakarta, Indonesia, April 1, 2014 
2013
Journal Articles
Lehmann, A.; Zschieschang, E.; Traverso, M.; Finkbeiner, M.; Schebek, L.
Social aspects for sustainability assessment of technologies - challenges for social life cycle assessment (SLCA).
2013. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 18, 1581–1592. doi:10.1007/s11367-013-0594-0
Presentations
Cuchacovich, J. C.; Lehn, H.
Caudales ambientales, espacios para gobernanza colaborativa.
2013. CELAC-PHI - Primer Congreso en EcoHidrologia para America Latina y El Caribe, Santiago de Chile (2013), Santiago, Chile, November 11–13, 2013 
Lehn, H.
Wasser - was tun für einen nachhaltigeren Umgang.
2013. Lions Club Walldorf-Astoria (2013), Walldorf, Germany, June 5, 2013 
Lehn, H.
Tecnologias para la reutilizacion del agua en zonas semi aridas.
2013. Vortr.: Universidad de la Frontera, Temuco, RCH, November 18, 2013 
Lehn, H.
Sustainable management of water resources and water services.
2013. Sino-German Conference, Urumqi, China, October 10-12, 2013 
Lehn, H.
Tecnologias para la reutilizacion del agua en zonas semi aridas.
2013. Vortr.: AIDIS (Asociacion Interamericana de Ingeniera Sanitaria y Ambiental), Santiago de Chile, RCH, December 4, 2013 
Lehn, H.; Simon, L. M.; Oertel, M.; Stelzer, V.; Bräutigam, R.; Kopfmüller, J.
Joint management of water and energy resources as a prerequisite for a sustainable development of the metropolitan region of Santiago de Chile.
2013. 1st International Conference of Natural Resources and Development, Vina del Mar, RCH, November 25-28, 2013 
2012
Book Chapters
Lehn, H.; McPhee, J.; Vogdt, J.; Schleenstein, G.; Simon, L.; Strauch, G.; Godoy Barbieri, C. H.; Gatica, C.; Nino, Y.
Risks and opportunities for sustainable management of water resources and services in Santiago de Chile.
2012. Heinrichs, D. [Hrsg.] Risk Habitat Megacity Heidelberg [u.a.] : Springer, 2012 e-ISBN 978-3-642-11544-8, 251–278 
Lüthi, C.; Lehn, H.; Norström, A.; Panesar, A.; Rüd, S.; Saywell, D.; Verhagen, J.; Ulrich, L.; Ingle, R.
Planning of sustainable sanitation for cities.
2012. Compilation of 13 factsheets on key sustainable sanitation topics. Ed.: E. Münch, 1–8, Sustainable sanitation alliance, Eschborn 
Conference Papers
Nayono, S.; Lehn, H.; Kopfmüller, J.; Lehmann, A.; Londong, J.
Development of a tool to analyze wastewater treatment sustainability: Indicators to assess technologies for rural areas in developing countries.
2012. IWRM 2012, Integrated Water Resources Management. Conference Proceedings. Ed.: H. Steusloff, 283–289, Fraunhofer, Stuttgart 
Presentations
Lehmann, A.; Finkbeiner, M.; Lehn, H.; Kopfmüller, J.
Use of LCA, LCC and SLCA-approach for sustainability assessment of water treatment technologies. A case study.
2012. 18th SETAC Europe LCA Case Study Symposium, Copenhagen, DK, November 26-28, 2012 Book of Abstracts 
Lehmann, A.; Matthies, K.; Kopfmüller, J.; Lehn, H.; Finkbeiner, M.
Life cycle costing of water treatment technologies within IWRM, Indonesia.
2012. Interactions of Water with Energy and Materials in Urban Areas and Agriculture : IWRM Conf., Karlsruhe, November 21-22, 2012 
Simon, L. M.; Lehn, H.; Oertel, M.
Satisfying future agricultural and urban water needs under changing climatic conditions in the metropolitan region of Santiago de Chile.
2012. Interactions of Water with Energy and Materials in Urban Areas and Agriculture : IWRM Conf., Karlsruhe, November 21-22, 2012 
2011
Presentations
Lehmann, A.; Finkbeiner, M.; Lehn, H.; Kopfmüller, J.
Life-cycle based sustainability assessment as decision support for an integrated water resources management in an Indonesian karst region.
2011. Life Cycle Management Conf.2011 (LCM 2011), Berlin, August 28-31, 2011 
Nayono, S.; Lehn, H.; Kopfmüller, J.; Londong, J.
Options for decentralized waste water treatment in rural karst area of Gunung Kidul: social acceptance.
2011. Asian Trans-Disciplinary Karst Conference (2011), Yogyakarta, Indonesia, January 7–10, 2011 
2010
Journal Articles
Nayono, S.; Singer, M.; Lehn, H.; Kopfmüller, J.
Sustainable sanitation as a part of an IWRM in the karst area of Gunung Kidul: community acceptance and opinion.
2010. Water Practice and Technology, 5(2012), 5 (4), 104. doi:10.2166/wpt.2010.104
2009
Conference Papers
Lehmann, A.
Qualitative und quantitative Indikatoren zur Nachhaltigkeitsbewertung (eines integrierten Wasserressourcenmanagementsystems in einer indonesischen Karstregion).
2009. Ökobilanzierung 2009 - Ansätze und Weiterentwicklungen zur Operationalisierung von Nachhaltigkeit. Tagungsband der fünften Ökobilanz-Werkstatt, Campus Weihenstephan, Freising, 5. bis 7. Oktober 2009. Hrsg.: S. Feifel, 131–137, Universitätsverlag Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe 
Presentations
Lehmann, A.
Qualitative und quantitative Indikatoren zur Nachhaltigkeitsbewertung (eines integrierten Wasserressourcenmanagementsystems in einer indonesischen Karstregion.
2009. Feifel, S. [Hrsg.] Ökobilanzierung 2009 : Ansätze und Weiterentwicklungen zur Operationalisierung von Nachhaltigkeit ; Tagungsband der 5.Ökobilanz-Werkstatt, Campus Weihenstephan, Freising, 5.-7. Oktober 2009 Karlsruhe : KIT Scientific Publ., 2009 
2007
Journal Articles
Conference Papers
Lehn, H.; Schildt, A.; Kopfmüller, J.
Secure water supply as a central element of sustainable water management: systems analysis approach for the Gunung Sewu region in Central Java, Indonesia.
2007. Sharan, Y. [Hrsg.] Water Supply in Emergency Situations : Proc.of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Tel-Aviv, IL, June 5-7, 2005 Berlin [u.a.] : Springer, 2007 (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security), 77–86 
Presentations
Lehn, H.; Schildt, A.; Kopfmüller, J.
Secure water supply as a central element of sustainable water management: systems analysis approach for the Gunung Sewu region in Central Java, Indonesia.
2007. Sharan, Y. [Hrsg.] Water Supply in Emergency Situations : Proc.of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Tel-Aviv, IL, June 5-7, 2005 Berlin [u.a.] : Springer, 2007 (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security) 
2006
Journal Articles
Zimbelmann, M.
2nd International Dry Toilet Conference. Tampere, Finnland, 16. - 19.08.2006.
2006. Technikfolgenabschätzung, Theorie und Praxis, 15 (3), 108–112. doi:10.14512/tatup.15.3.108
Presentations
Lehn, H.
Die Ressource Wasser im 21.Jahrhundert.
2006. Vortr.: Evangelische Akademie Bad Boll, 4.März 2006 
Zimbelmann, M.; Lehn, H.
Contribution of dry sanitation to the MDGs and a sustainable development.
2006. 2nd Internat.Dry Toilet Conf., Tampere, SF, August 16-19, 2006 
2005
Presentations
Lehn, H.
Transdisciplinarity in the water sector.
2005. Workshop ’Transdisciplinarity in the Environmental Research - Concept and Project Experiences’, Leipzig, September 16, 2005 
Lehn, H.; Kopfmüller, J.; Ackermann, R.
Systems analysis and technology assessment for an IWRM at Yogyakarta special province.
2005. Workshop Integriertes Wasserressourcen-Management (IWRM), Yogyakarta, RI, 1.-2.März 2005 
Lehn, H.; Schildt, A.; Kopfmüller, J.
Secure water supply as a central element of sustainable water management - Systems analytical approach for Gunung Sewu (Central Java, Indonesia).
2005. NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) "Supply of Water to Cities in Emergency Situation" (2005), Tel Aviv, Israel, June 5–7, 2005 

Contact

Dr. Helmut Lehn
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe
Germany