Institute for Technology Assessment and  Systems Analysis (ITAS)

Contribution to the risk governance of particulate nanomaterials by evidence mapping of their potential health risks

Project description

Manufactured particulate nanomaterials (MPN) show modified or completely new properties when compared to corresponding bulk materials due to their nanoscale dimensions (Ø 1-100 nm). For this reason they are attractive for a wide range of different applications. On the one hand, the introduction of MPN promises innovation and sustainability. On the other hand, their actual health and ecological effects have to date not been proven beyond a reasonable doubt. Concerns about new health and environmental risks were voiced early by some scientists and could be verified in several cases. However, the relevance of the observed biological effects remains still unclear. In addition, nanotoxicology, which emerged from classic toxicology, has to deal with considerable methodological challenges. The existing knowledge could be denoted as "insular", therefore it is currently virtually impossible to obtain an evidence-based risk assessment of MPN. On the other hand, a valid risk assessment is a basic requirement for risk governance strategies as demanded by a number of stakeholders and parts of the general public.

The aim of the project is to systematize and map the knowledge available for a hazard assessment of selected particulate nanomaterials. This knowledge is heterogeneously distributed among persons and scientific disciplines. For this reason, a survey of the state-of-the-art in research on health effects of selected MPN will be conducted. The resulting data base will be used for the discursive evidence mapping method, which will be tested for its potential to identify and characterise the hazard of MPN (hazard assessment) and optimized, if necessary. Evidence mapping investigates conclusions of scientists with regard to concrete (e.g. toxicological) questions. It is based on a visual representation of pro and contra arguments with additional information that supports or weakens the respective argument. In addition, the discursive element (e.g. workshops or interviews) in the evidence mapping process aims at making tacit knowledge available for hazard assessment and thus should facilitate an evidence-based risk assessment.

Publications


2016
Presentations
Jahnel, J.
Verantwortlichkeit im Spannungsfeld zwischen Evidenz und Aushandlung.
2016. Symposium ’Ethische Aspekte des Umgangs mit Nanotechnologien’, Bremen, 14. Oktober 2016 
2015
Book Chapters
Jahnel, J.; Fleischer, T.
Gestaltungsspielräume für ’Responsible Research and Innovation’: Erfahrungen aus der Risiko-Governance von Nanomaterialien.
2015. Responsible Innovation : Neue Impulse für die Technikfolgenabschätzung? Hrsg.: A. Bogner, 137–146, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft 
2014
Book Chapters
Seitz, S. B.; Jahnel, J.; Fleischer, T.
Was können Laienfokusgruppen zur Politikberatung in Governancefragen der Nanotechnologie beitragen?.
2014. Decker, M. [Hrsg.] Technikfolgenabschätzung im politischen System : Zwischen Konfliktbewältigung und Technologiegestaltung Berlin : edition sigma, 2014 (Gesellschaft - Technik - Umwelt ; N.F.17), 99–108 
Presentations
Jahnel, J.; Fleischer, T.
Gestaltungsspielräume für RRI: Erfahrungen aus der Risiko-Governance von Nanomaterialien.
2014. 6. Konferenz des Netzwerks Technikfolgenabschätzung (NTA) und 14. Technikfolgenabschätzung (TA) Jahreskonferenz des Instituts für Technikfolgen- Abschätzung, Wien, A, 2.-4. Juni 2014 
2012
Book Chapters
Seitz, S. B.; Jahnel, J.; Fleischer, T.
Herausforderung an eine Stoffregulation unter wissenschaftlicher Unsicherheit.
2012. Der Systemblick auf Innovation : Technikfolgenabschätzung in der Technikgestaltung. Hrsg.: M. Decker, 441–445, edition sigma 
Presentations
Seitz, S. B.; Jahnel, J.; Fleischer, T.
Was können Laienfokusgruppen zur Politikberatung in Governancefragen der Nanotechnologie beitragen?.
2012. 5.Konferenz des Netzwerks Technikfolgenabschätzung (NTA5), Bern, CH, 29.-31.Oktober 2012 
2011
Presentations
Fleischer, T.
Nano-Produktregister als ein Beitrag zur Risiko-Governance von Nanomaterialien?.
2011. 5.Internat.Nano-Behördendialog, Berlin, 3.-4.Mai 2011 

Contact

Dipl.-Phys. Torsten Fleischer
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe
Germany

Tel.: +49 721 608-24571
E-mail