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Visions of in vitro meat. Analysis of the technical and social aspects and visions of in vitro meat (VIF)

Visions of in vitro meat. Analysis of the technical and social aspects and visions of in vitro meat (VIF)
Project team:

Ferrari, Arianna (Project leader); Inge Böhm, Silvia Woll

Funding:

BMBF

Start date:

2015

End date:

2017

Research group:

Innovation processes and impacts of technology

Project description

Logo VIF

Present and future food supply faces new challenges. There is increasing scientific evidence that the use of animals for agricultural purposes in its present form cannot be made sustainable. Meat production has negative consequences not only on the environment (pollution of soil and water, high levels of greenhouse gases emission and inefficient energy conversion), but also on human health (Hawkesworth et al. 2010). Furthermore, awareness about ethical concerns regarding husbandry and its negative impacts on animal welfare is growing as well as the number of vegetarians and vegans in western societies, particular in Germany (VEBU 2014). A change in the patterns of consumption of animal products seems unavoidable (e.g. FAO 2014; UNEP 2010; Westhoek et al. 2014).

In recent years, it has become possible to produce in vitro meat from muscle stem cells obtained by muscle biopsy. The breakthrough was in August 2013, when Mark Post and his research team at the University of Maastricht at a press conference presented the first in vitro beef burger grown from bovine stem cells (Post 2014).

Although large-scale production of in vitro meat is not yet possible, a growing scientific community in recent years has proposed in vitro meat as solution to ecological, health-related, and ethical problems of traditional meat production.

Despite the urgency of changes in our eating habits and the optimism of some scientists regarding the possibility of replacing conventional meat by in vitro meat, many aspects of this innovation remain unclear, e.g., the actual ecological advantages of such changes, the societal conditions for innovation acceptance, as well as its cultural impact on agriculture, nutrition, and the relationship between human and animals.

Since in vitro meat is a new and emergent technology at a very early stage of the innovation process, the related concepts and visions are of great importance for research policy in the narrow and "technology governance" in the broader sense.

In this project, concepts and visions of in vitro meat will be analyzed not only through literature analysis, but also by conducting interviews with experts in this field and by means of participative processes involving the public and relevant stakeholders.

Literature

FAO – Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (2014): "Food outlook. Biennal Report on global food markets", http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/I3751E/I3751E.pdf [20.07.2014].

Hawkesworth S. et al. (2010): "Feeding the world healthily: the challenge of measuring the effects of agriculture on health", in: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365 (2010), pp. 3083–3097

Post M.J. (2014): "Cultured Beef: A Medical Technology to Produce Food", in: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 94(6), S.1039-1041.

UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme (2010): "2009 Annual Report. Seizing the Green Opportunity", United Nations Environment Programme.

Westhoek H. et al. (2014): "Nitrogen on the Table: The influence of Food Choices on Nitrogen Emissions and the European Environment, Executive Summary", http://www.clrtap-tfrn.org/webfm_send/555 [23.10.2014].

VEBU – Vegetarierbund Deutschland (2014): "Anzahl der Vegetarier in Deutschland", https://www.vebu.de/themen/lifestyle/anzahl-der-vegetarierinnen [23.10.2014].

 

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Publikationen


2019
Buchaufsätze
Böhm, I.; Woll, S.; Ferrari, A.
In vitro meat: The normative power of a vision in the innovation and transformation process.
2019. Socio-technical Futures Shaping the Present : Empirical Examples and Analytical Challenges. Hrsg.: A. Lösch, 211–229, Springer VS, Wiesbaden. doi:10.1007/978-3-658-27155-8_10
Zeitschriftenaufsätze
Vorträge
Woll, S.
In-vitro-Fleisch als Lösung der Probleme der Fleischproduktion und des Fleischkonsums?.
2019. Ringvorlesung "Reale Utopien - Technik und soziale Gerechtigkeit" (2019), Dresden, Deutschland, 18. Juni 2019 
Woll, S.
In-vitro-Fleisch als Lösung der Probleme der Fleischproduktion und des Fleischkonsums?.
2019. Kamingespräch Junge DLG: Essen in der Zukunft - Ersetzen Labore unsere Ställe? (2019), Hohenheim, 10. Januar 2019 
2018
Buchaufsätze
Böhm, I.; Woll, S.
In-vitro-Fleisch als Lösung der Probleme der Fleischproduktion und des Fleischkonsums.
2018. LGL-Gespräche zu Lebensmittelsicherheit und Verbraucherschutz : Alternative Ernährungsformen - Neuartige Lebensmittel, 65–80, Bayerisches Landesamt für Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit, Erlangen 
Woll, S.; Böhm, I.; Ferrari, A.
In-vitro-Fleisch: die normative Kraft einer Vision im Innovations- und Transformatonsprozess.
2018. "Grand Challenges" meistern : Der Beitrag der Technikfolgenabschätzung. Hrsg.: M. Decker, Nomos, Baden-Baden 
Vorträge
Böhm, I.; Woll, S.
In-vitro-Fleisch als Lösung der Probleme der Fleischproduktion und des Fleischkonsums?.
2018. Neue Technologien und Neuartige Lebensmittel, Seminar des Bundesverbandes der Verbraucherzentralen (2018), Kassel, Deutschland, 4.–5. Dezember 2018 
2017
Vorträge
Böhm, I.; Ferrari, A.; Woll, S.
Visions of the future of meat. Cultured meat and other solutions.
2017. 3rd International Conference on Cultured Meat, Maastricht, NL, September 3-5, 2017 
Böhm, I.; Woll, S.
In-vitro-Fleisch - eine technologische Vision als Lösung für die Probleme des Fleischkonsums?.
2017. LGL-Gespräche zur Lebensmittelsicherheit und zum Verbraucherschutz, Oberschleißheim, 10.Juli 2017 
Böhm, I.; Woll, S.
In-vitro-Fleisch - eine technologische Vision als Lösung für die Probleme des Fleischkonsums.
2017. Fachtagung ’Nachhaltige Landwirtschaft und die Zukunft tierischer Nahrungsmittel’, Wittenberg, 21.-22.April 2017 
Poster
Böhm, I.; Woll, S.
In-vitro-Fleisch - eine technologische Lösung für die Probleme von Fleischproduktion und Fleischkonsum?.
2017. 2.Bioökonomietagung des Ministeriums für Ländlichen Raum und Verbraucherschutz, Universität Stuttgart/Hohenheim, 4.-5.Oktober 2017 
2016
Zeitschriftenaufsätze
Benz-Schwarzburg, J.; Ferrari, A.
Super-muscly pigs - trading ethics for efficiency.
2016. Issues in science and technology, (1), 29–32 
Benz-Schwarzburg, J.; Ferrari, A.
The problem with super-muscly pigs.
2016. Slate, 2016 (June 3) 
Vorträge
Böhm, I.; Ferrari, A.; Woll. Silvia.
In-vitro-Fleisch - eine Vision, viele Visionen?.
2016. 7. internationale Tagung des Netzwerks Technikfolgenabschätzung (NTA7), Bonn, 16.-18.November 2016 
Böhm, I.; Ferrari, A.; Woll, S.
In vitro meat - An innovation in search of users and in search of contestation?.
2016. 11th International Conference “Interpretive Policy Analysis” (2016), Kingston upon Hull, Vereinigtes Königreich, 5.–7. Juli 2016 
Böhm, I.; Woll, S.
Various visions on cultured meat.
2016. 2nd International Conference on Cultured Meat, Maastricht, NL, October 9-11, 2016 
Ferrari, A.
Visionen von In-vitro-Fleisch.
2016. Vortragsreihe ’Medien Denken’, Ruhruniversität Bochum, 15.November 2016 
Ferrari, A.
Tiere in den Entwürfen visionärer Technologien.
2016. Sommerkolloquium des Instituts für Philosophie, TU Darmstadt, 13.07.2016 
Ferrari, A.
Fleisch aus dem Labor. Ernährung der Zukunft?.
2016. Vegane Hochschulgruppe des KIT, Karlsruhe, 05.07.2016 
Ferrari, A.
Visionen von In-vitro-Fleisch. Herausforderungen und Probleme.
2016. Minding animals Germany Symposium, Erlangen, June 24-26, 2016 
Ferrari, A.
In-vitro-Fleisch als ethischer Fortschritt.
2016. Tierakademie der interdisziplinären Arbeitsgemeinschaft Tierethik (IAT) der Universität Heidelberg. Heidelberg, 12.05.2016 
2015
Vorträge
Böhm, I.; Woll, S.; Ferrari, A.
Expectations on cultured meat acceptance and acceptability.
2015. 1st International Symposium on Cultured Meat, Maastricht, NL, October 18-20, 2015 

Contact

Dr. Arianna Ferrari
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe
Germany