Interdisciplinary Risk Research

Project description

For years, interdisciplinary risk research integrating physical- and social scientific observations is being demanded. Today, we can note that this request is in a state of "paradigmatic" paralysis. On the one hand, risk assessment that is instructed by physical and engineering sciences relies on risk calculations based on probability. On the other hand, social sciences offer research on individual risk perception (the so-called "psychometric paradigm") in order to explain the irrational behavior of affected persons and non-professionals. From this kind of complementarity in risk research – the disciplines inform each other – always arises the idea to practice risk communication as a sort of enlightenment. The aim then is acceptance.

This development has lost sight of the fact that there are possibilities of cognitive integration of different disciplines: This means to collectively research scientific problems of social-, physical- and engineering sciences. The starting point is the analysis of complex systems and processes of self-organization and -strengthening. This approach, mostly known from cybernetics, is applied today especially in the field of high-technology research (Perrow, La Porte), climate research (Lovelock, Schellnhuber) and finance research (Krugman, Willke), This is an attempt to explain how conditions that lead to self-endangerment are being determined already in the processes of reproduction of complex social, technical and natural systems. In this sense, we talk about "systemic risks" or about "mechanisms of risk production". Our target is to evaluate this research in order to generate our own theoretical and methodical means for future research projects. This endeavor began within the START project and the project "Risk Habitat Megacity" performed in co-operation with different partners (Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, KI, ISOE). This line of research will be continued and strengthened – theoretically and conceptionally.

Publications


2014
Book Chapters
Bechmann, G.
Le risque sous l’angle de la theorie sociale.
2014. Charles, L. [Hrsg] Environnement et Sciences Sociales en France et en Allemagne Paris : L’Harmattan, 2014 (Sociologies et Environnement), 53–71 
Journal Articles
Büscher, C.; Mascareño, A.
Mechanisms of risk production in modern cities.
2014. Nature and Culture, 9 (1), 66–86. doi:10.3167/nc.2014.090104
Khazai, B.; Kunz-Plapp, T.; Buescher, C.; Wegner, A.
VuWiki: An Ontology-Based Semantic Wiki for Vulnerability Assessments.
2014. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 5 (1, SI), 55–73. doi:10.1007/s13753-014-0010-9
Presentations
Büscher, C.
Risk calculation as experience and action: The interaction of risk assessment and management as mechanism for the absorption of uncertainty?.
2014. Better Technologies with no Regret? : S.NET 6th Annual Meeting, Karlsruhe, September 21-24, 2014 
2012
Book Chapters
Büscher, C.
Risiko-Lebensraum Megastadt. Eine soziologische Perspektive.
2012. Birle, P. [Hrsg.] Durch Luhmanns Brille : Herausforderungen an Politik und Recht in Lateinamerika und in der Weltgesellschaft Wiesbaden : Springer VS, 2012, 145–171 
Büscher, C.
Systemische Risiken oder Mechanismen der systematischen Risikoproduktion?.
2012. Der Systemblick auf Innovation : Technikfolgenabschätzung in der Technikgestaltung. Hrsg. M. Decker, 83–94, edition sigma 
Büscher, C.; Mascareno, A.
Mechanisms of systematic risk production.
2012. Heinrichs, D. [Hrsg.] Risk Habitat Megacity Heidelberg [u.a.] : Springer, 2012 e-ISBN 978-3-642-11544-8, 39–63 
Lösch, A.
Risiko als Medium zur Kommunikation von Nichtwissen. Eine soziologische Fallstudie zur Selbstregulierung der Nanotechnologie.
2012. Janich, N. [Hrsg.] Nichtwissenkommunikation in den Wissenschaften : interdisziplinär Zugänge Frankfurt a.M. [u.a.] : Peter Lang, 2012 (Wissen - Kompetenz - Text ; 1), 171–207 
Presentations
Büscher, C.
Science and decision. A process of mutual absorption of uncertainty.
2012. 7th Annual DFG-NSF Conference - Reckoning with the Risk of Catastrophe (2012), Washington, DC, USA, October 3–5, 2012 
Lösch, A.
Systemic risks of energy transition.
2012. 4th iNTeg-Risk Conf., Stuttgart, May 6-8, 2012 
2011
Journal Articles
Büscher, C.
Mechanisms of systematic risk production. New perspectives for TA research.
2011. Technikfolgenabschätzung - Theorie und Praxis, 20 (3), 55–61 
Orwat, C.
Systemic risks in the electric power infrastructure?.
2011. Technikfolgenabschätzung - Theorie und Praxis, 20 (3), 47–55 
Conference Papers
Orwat, C.
Technology assessment of software-intensive critical infrastructures. A research perspective.
2011. Heiß, H.U. [Hrsg.] Informatik 2011 : Informatik schafft Communities ; 41.Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Informatik, Berlin, 4.-7.Oktober 2011 Bonn : Ges.für Informatik, 2011 CD-ROM (GI-Edition Lecture Notes in Informatics : Proceedings ; 192) 
Presentations
Orwat, C.
Technology assessment of software-intensive critical infrastructures. A research perspective.
2011. Informatik 2011 : Informatik schafft Communities ; 41.Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Informatik, Berlin, 4.-7.Oktober 2011 
2010
Book Chapters
Büscher, C.
Formen ökologischer Aufklärung.
2010. Büscher, C. [Hrsg.] Ökologische Aufklärung : 25 Jahre Ökologische Kommunikation Wiesbaden : VS Verl.für Sozialwissenschaften, 2010, 19–49 
Büscher, C.; Japp, K. P.
Vorwort zum Sammelband “Ökologische Aufklärung”.
2010. Ökologische Aufklärung : 25 Jahre Ökologische Kommunikation. Hrsg.: C. Büscher, 7–16, VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften 
Books
Büscher, C.; Japp, K. P.
Ökologische Aufklärung : 25 Jahre Ökologische Kommunikation.
2010. Wiesbaden : VS Verl.für Sozialwissenschaften, 2010 
Presentations
Orwat, C.; Büscher, C.
Governance of Science and Technology. New roles for technology assessment?.
2010. Tentative Governance in Emerging Science and Technology : Actor Constellations, Institutional Arrangements and Strategies, Internat.Conf., University of Twente, Enschede, NL, October 28-29, 2010 
Other
Orwat, C.; Büscher, C.; Raabe, O.
Governance of critical infrastructures, systemic risks, and dependable software.
2010. Karlsruhe: KIT 2010 (Technical Report) 
2009
Presentations
Büscher, C.
Interdisciplinary risk research on megacities: complementary views or common paradigm?.
2009. Megacities : Risk, Vulnerability and Sustainable Development ; Internat.Conf., Leipzig, September 7-9, 2009 
Büscher, C.
Interdisziplinäre Risikoforschung: Komplementäre Perspektiven oder gemeinsames Paradigma?.
2009. Seminar IMK-IFU, SS2009 (2009), Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, July 24, 2009 
2007
Presentations
Bechmann, G.; Büscher, C.
Risikokommunikation.
2007. Systemische Risiken: Neue Strategien der Risikobewältigung für eine neue Form von Risiken? ; Workshop, ISOE Frankfurt, 14.Mai 2007 
2006
Conference Papers
Büscher, C.
Risiko und Gefahr.
2006. Chemikalien in der Umwelt : Vorkommen, Belastungspfade, Regelungen ; Fachtagung, Augsburg, 18.Oktober 2006 Augsburg : Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt, 2006, 51–58 
Presentations
Büscher, C.
Risiko und Gefahr.
2006. Chemikalien in der Umwelt : Vorkommen, Belastungspfade, Regelungen ; Fachtagung, Augsburg, 18.Oktober 2006 Augsburg : Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt, 2006 

Contact

Dr. phil. Christian Büscher
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe
Germany

Tel.: +49 721 608-23181
E-mail