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Analyses on selected flue-gas purification systems of waste incineration plants with a view to minimal residual waste, consumption of chemicals and low costs

Analyses on selected flue-gas purification systems of waste incineration plants with a view to minimal residual waste, consumption of chemicals and low costs
Project team:

Achternbosch, Matthias (Project leader); Ulf Richers

Start date:

1997

End date:

1998

Research group:

Sustainability and environment

Project description

Analyses of materials flows in waste incineration plants.

At the present time 53 waste incineration plants are operating in Germany, with an annual capacity of ca. 12 million tons. Another 13 are in the building or approval stage. These capacities are not enough to satisfy the demands of the Technical Regulation on Domestic Solid Waste (Technische Anleitung Siedlungsabfall) as from the year 2005. Additional thermal waste treatment plants must be built. In order to adhere to the required limit values of the 17th Federal regulation on immission protection (BimSchV) and the even lower limits demanded during the approval stage, the flue-gas purification equipment in thermal waste treatment plants in Germany is often extremely complex and consequently greatly influences the overall investment costs for waste incineration plants. As it is possible to combine the individual aggregates in the flue gas purification process in many varied ways, the waste incineration plants in operation all have very different flue gas purification plants. Against this background the issue to be solved when building new waste incineration plants or replacing old ones is what is the most expedient design for an ecologically and economically expedient flue gas purification plant. In addition to the emissions at the chimney other aspects to be considered are the quantities of residual materials and the amount of additive chemicals used. In co-operation with the ITC-TAB, ITAS is therefore carrying out comparative materials flows balances on selected process combinations in flue gas purification. The analyses are supplemented by economic studies.

On the basis of a model plant with two incineration lines of an annual capacity of 200 000 tons of waste and different flue-gas purification systems, materials balances are made on the basis of a reference crude gas and the results compared in terms of residual waste and inputs of chemicals.

Publications


2002
Presentations
Achternbosch, M.; Richers, U.
Comparison of fabric filter and electrostatic precipitator with material flow balances.
2002. Proc.of the 21st Annual Internat.Conf.on Incineration and Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3), New Orleans, La., May 13-17, 2002 College Park, Md. : Univ.of Maryland, 2002 CD-ROM 
2001
Presentations
Achternbosch, M.; Richers, U.
Comparison of the impacts of sewage of municipal solid waste incinerators and households by model calculations.
2001. 3rd Internat.Symp.on Incineration, Bruxelles, B, July 2-4, 2001 
Achternbosch, M.; Richers, U.
Comparison and assessment of liquid discharge and dry discharge flue gas cleaning systems of municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWI).
2001. Proc.of the 20th Internat.Conf.on Incineration and Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3), Philadelphia, Pa., May 14-18, 2001 CD-ROM 
2000
Journal Articles
Achternbosch, M.; Richers, U.
Stoffströme und Rückstandsmengen in der Rauchgasreinigung von Abfallverbrennungsanlagen.
2000. Nachrichten / Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. FZKA-Nachrichten, 32 (3), 167–175 Full text Full text of the publication as PDF document
Conference Papers
Achternbosch, M.; Richers, U.
Investitionskosten und Rückstandsmeldungen für verschiedene Rauchgasreinigungssysteme der thermischen Abfallbehandlung.
2000. Wege des Abfalls : Tagung, Veitshöchheim, 10.-11.Mai 2000 Düsseldorf : VDI Verl., 2000 (VDI-Berichte ; 1540), 365–78 
Presentations
Achternbosch, M.; Richers, U.
Material flows and investment costs of flue gas cleaning systems of municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWI).
2000. Proc.of the Internat.Conf.on Incineration and Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3), Portland, Oreg., May 8-12, 2000 CD-ROM Irvine, Calif. : The Regents Univ.of California, 2000 
Achternbosch, M.; Richers, U.
Investitionskosten und Rückstandsmeldungen für verschiedene Rauchgasreinigungssysteme der thermischen Abfallbehandlung.
2000. Wege des Abfalls : Tagung, Veitshöchheim, 10.-11.Mai 2000 Düsseldorf : VDI Verl., 2000 (VDI-Berichte ; 1540) 
1999
Conference Papers
Achternbosch, M.; Richers, U.
Comparison of material flows in sewage-free and sewage-generating flue-gas purification systems of municipal waste incineration plants.
1999. 6th Annual Waste-to-Energy Conf. : Proc.of a Specialty Conf., Miami Beach, Fla., May 11-13, 1998 Pittsburgh, Pa. : Air and Waste Management Assoc., 1998, 281–92 
Presentations
Achternbosch, M.; Richers, U.
Comparison of material flows in sewage-free and sewage-generating flue-gas purification systems of municipal waste incineration plants.
1999. 6th Annual Waste-to-Energy Conf. : Proc.of a Specialty Conf., Miami Beach, Fla., May 11-13, 1998 Pittsburgh, Pa. : Air and Waste Management Assoc., 1998 
1998
Journal Articles

Contact

Dr. Matthias Achternbosch
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe
Germany

Tel.: +49 30 28491-201
E-Mail