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Helmholtz-Initiative Energy System 2050 – Research Topic Life-Cycle-Oriented Sustainability Assessment of the Case Study Storage and Grid

Helmholtz-Initiative Energy System 2050 – Research Topic Life-Cycle-Oriented Sustainability Assessment of the Case Study Storage and Grid
Project team:

Weil, Marcel (Project leader); Manuel Baumann; Jens Buchgeister

Funding:

Helmholtz Association

Start date:

2015

End date:

2020

Project partners:

DLR, FZJ, UFZ, HZB, HZDR, IPP

Research group:

Research for Sustainable Energy Technologies

Project description

Logo
Illustration
Example Life Cycle Costing (LCC) for Energy storage systems (Source: ITAS)

Description of the overall initiative

"Energy System 2050" is a joint initiative of the research field energy of the Helmholtz Association. Running until 2019, it is aiming at improving the concrete understanding of energy systems and at developing technological solutions for use by politics and industry. The initiative explores the integration of technological key elements into the energy system and the respective links. It also elaborates solutions to integrate the partially fluctuating renewable energies successfully into German and European energy systems. Its five selected research topics (RT) address fundamental challenges of the Energiewende:

  1. Storage and Grids
  2. Bioenergy
  3. Hydrogen-based Energy and Resource Pathways
  4. Life-Cycle-Oriented Sustainability Analysis at System Level
  5. Toolbox and Data Models

Description of research topic 4: Life-cycle-oriented sustainability analysis at system level

To successfully continue and complete the Energiewende, it is important that technical and scientific, ecological, economic, and social aspects of the transformation are analyzed comprehensively and at an early stage and incorporated in the process. In research topic 4, a joint method for the sustainability assessment of technologies is developed. This method consists of the elements Life Cycle Costing (LCC) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and an assessment according to social indicators. The method is used to assess three case studies in three research topics (RT 4.2, 4.3, 4.4) exemplarily. The findings and results of the case studies provide the basis for a sustainability assessment at the system level (RT 4.1).

Detailed information on the research topics 4.1 to 4.4 can be found at the following links:

RT 4.1: Development of Methods for Sustainability Assessment at System Level – DLR
RT 4.2: Storage and Grids – KIT-ITAS
RT 4.3: Bioenergy – KIT-ITAS
RT 4.4: Pathway Analysis Hydrogen – FZJ-IEK

Description of research topic 4.2: Case study "Storage and Grids"

The case study "Storage and Grids" analyzes relevant and potentially sustainable energy storage systems (with different net interaction) based on the life cycle regarding their ecological (LCA), economic (LCC), social, and technological aspects. For this purpose, new material flow and cost models are established and an energy storage data base is used as basis for LCA and LCC. A life-cycle inventory is created along the whole value chain for the ecological assessment using the openLCA software in combination with the data base ecoinvent. Statements regarding the sustainability of energy storage options can be realized by integrating social indicators (like the acceptance of energy storage systems).

At the technical level, the integration of various electrochemical energy storage systems into different grid applications in the energy system are analyzed and compared. The focus is on Li-Ion battery systems (e.g. LiFePO4, …), but also NaNiCl or vanadium redox flow batteries are considered. Depending on the application context, other flexibility options, like e.g. pumped-storage power plants or gas power plants, are used as comparison technology.


Publications


2019
Book Chapters
Marcelino, C. G.; Pedreira, C. E.; Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Almeida, P. E. M.; Wanner, E. F.
A Viability Study of Renewables and Energy Storage Systems Using Multicriteria Decision Making and an Evolutionary Approach.
2019. Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization : 10th International Conference (EMO 2019), East Lansing, MI, March 10-13, 2019, Proceedings. Ed.: K. Deb, 655–668, Springer International Publishing, Cham, CH. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-12598-1_52
Journal Articles
Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Peters, J. F.; Chibeles-Martins, N.; Moniz, A. B.
A review of multi-criteria decision making approaches for evaluating energy storage systems for grid applications.
2019. Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, 107, 516–534. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2019.02.016
Marcelino, C.; Baumann, M.; Carvalho, L.; Chibeles-Martins, N.; Weil, M.; Almeida, P.; Wanner, E.
A combined optimisation and decision-making approach for battery-supported HMGS [in press].
2019. Journal of the Operational Research Society. doi:10.1080/01605682.2019.1582590
Conference Papers
Zippel, F.; Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Hofmann, M.
Use Cases of Battery Storage for Optimized Grid Load of Different Industries.
2019. NEIS 2019 : Conference on Sustainable Energy Supply and Energy Storage Systems : Hamburg, 19-20 September 2019. Ed.: D. Schulz, 234–239, VDE Verlag, Berlin 
Zippel, F.; Weil, M.; Hofmann, M.; Baumann, M.
Use Cases of Battery Storage for Optimized Grid Load of Different Industries.
2019. NEIS 2019 : Conference on Sustainable Energy Supply and Energy Storage Systems Hamburg, 19 – 20 September 2019. Ed.: D. Schulz, 234–239, VDE Verlag, Berlin 
Presentations
Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Peters, J.
Challenges for the evaluation of storage technologies - use case for batteries.
2019. 3. Jahrestreffen des Forschungsnetzwerks Energiesystemanalyse (2019), Aachen, Germany, May 23–24, 2019 
Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Peters, J.
Multikriterielle Bewertung von elektrochemischen Energiespeichertechnologien.
2019. Workshop Prospektive multidimensionale Bewertung von Energietechnologien (2019), Oldenburg, Germany, February 18–19, 2019 
Junne, T.; Cao, K.-K.; Baumann, M.; Weil, M.
Integration von Lebenszyklusdaten von Batterietechnologien in die Energiesystemmodellierung.
2019. 3. Jahrestreffen des Forschungsnetzwerks Energiesystemanalyse (2019), Aachen, Germany, May 23–24, 2019 
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.; Peters, J.
Resource demand for the mobility transition - batteries for bus and autonomous minibus vehicles.
2019. 13th Society and Materials International Conference (SAM 2019), Pisa, Italy, May 20–21, 2019 
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.; peters, J.
Resource demand of EV batteries until 2050 - contribution and challenges of recycling.
2019. European Electric Vehicle Batteries Summit (2019), Berlin, Germany, June 18–19, 2019 
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.; Peters, J.
Life-cycle aspects of present and new battery technologies.
2019. Europäisches Parlament (STOA 2019), Strasbourg, France, April 18, 2019 
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.; Peters, J. F.; Wulf, C.; Zapp, P.; Haase, M.; Rösch, C.; Buchgeister, J.; Junne, T.; Naegler, T.; Emmerich, P.
Sustainability Assessment of technologies for the Energy transition – Focus on Societal Acceptance.
2019. 9th International Conference on Life Cycle Management - Towards Sustainable Future. Current Challenges and Prospects in LCM (2019), Poznan, Poland, September 1–4, 2019 
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.; Peters, J. F.; Wulf, C.; Zapp, P.; Haase, M.; Rösch, C.; Buchgeister, J.; Junne, T.; Naegler, T.; Emmerich, P.
Societal Acceptance of Emerging Energy Technologies in the Context of the Energy Transition.
2019. 4th European Technology Assessment Conference (2019), Bratislava, Slovakia, November 4–6, 2019 
Posters
Baumann, M.; Peters, J.; Weil, M.; Marcelino, C.
Economic and ecological assessment of stationary batteries using different energy to power ratios.
2019. 13th Society and Materials International Conference (SAM 2019), Pisa, Italy, May 20–21, 2019 
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.; Peters, J.; Wulf, C.; Zapp, P.; Rösch, C.; Haase, M.; Buchgeister, J.; Junne, T.; Naegler, T.; Emmerich, P.
Social sustainability assessment of technologies for the energy transition - focus on societal acceptance.
2019. 13th Society and Materials International Conference (SAM 2019), Pisa, Italy, May 20–21, 2019 
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.; Peters, J.; Wulf, C.; Zapp, P.; Rösch, C.; Haase, M.; Buchgeister, J.; Junne, T.; Naegler, T.; Emmerich, P.
Social sustainability assessment of technologies for the energy transition - focus on societal acceptance.
2019. 3. Jahrestreffen des Forschungsnetzwerks Energiesystemanalyse (2019), Aachen, Germany, May 23–24, 2019 
Zippel, F.; Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Hofmann, M.
Assessment of battery storage for peak shaving in different industries.
2019. Konferenz für nachhaltige Energieversorgung und Integration von Speichern (NEIS 2019), Hamburg, Germany, September 19–20, 2019 
2018
Journal Articles
Marcelino, C. G.; Almeida, P. E. M.; Wanner, E. F.; Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Carvalho, L. M.; Miranda, V.
Solving security constrained optimal power flow problems: a hybrid evolutionary approach.
2018. Applied intelligence, 48 (10), 3672–3690. doi:10.1007/s10489-018-1167-5
Conference Papers
Baumann, M.; Peters, J.; Weil, M.
Ökologische und ökonomische Performance stationärer Li-Ion-Batteriespeicher.
2018. 15.Symposium Energieinnovation, Graz, A, 14.-16.Februar 2018, Technische Universität Graz 
Elkadragy, M. M.; Baumann, M.; Moore, N.; Weil, M.; Lemmertz, N.; Hiller, M.
Contrastive techno-economic analysis concept for off-grid hybrid renewable electricity systems based on comparative case studies within Canada and Uganda.
2018. 3rd International Hybrid Power Systems Workshop, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, E, May 8-9, 2018, Energynautics, Darmstadt 
Reports/Preprints
Emmerich, P.; Weil, M.; Baumann, M.
Citizen concerns and acceptance for novel energy technologies.
2018. Enterprise and Work Innovation pole at FCT-UNL, Lissabon 
Presentations
Baumann, M.
A brief overview of techno-environmental issues related to hybrid energy and energy storage systems.
2018. 3rd EERA-SmILES Workshop on Hybrid Energy and Energy Storage Systems (2018), Brussels, Belgium, November 14–15, 2018 
Baumann, M.; Peters, J.; Weil, M.
Introduction and recent activities in the field of energy storage and techno-economics.
2018. EERA JP Energy Storage Sub-Programme Meeting (2018), Eindhoven, Netherlands, May 3–4, 2018 
Baumann, M.; Peters, J.; Weil, M.
Ökologische und ökonomische Performance stationärer Li-Ion-Batteriespeicher.
2018. 15. Symposium Energieinnovation (EnInnov 2018), Graz, Austria, February 14–16, 2018 
Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Moniz, A.
Socio-technical transitions and sustainability: The energy system, battery storage and transport.
2018. Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Seminar (2018), Caparica, Portugal, January 22, 2018 
Posters
Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Tomasini, C.
Sustainability analysis of electrochemical storage for sectoral coupling activities.
2018. 4th Scientific SCI Meeting „Integrated Energy“ (2018), Stuttgart, Germany, September 20–21, 2018 
Minke, C.; Peters, J. F.; Baumann, M.; Weil, M.
Environmental assessment of vanadium redox flow batteries.
2018. 28th SETAC Europe Annual Meeting (2018), Rome, Italy, May 13–17, 2018 
2017
Book Chapters
Baumann, M.; Moniz, A. B.; Weil, M.
Energy storage in the future German electricity system: A literature review and expert interviews based foresight approach.
2017. Pensar o futuro, preparar a mudança [To think the future, to prepare change] Ed.: J. Saragoça, 89–108, CICS.NOVA, Evora, Portugal 
Journal Articles
Versteeg, T.; Baumann, M.; Weil, M.; Moniz, A. B.
Exploring emerging battery technology for grid-connected energy storage with Constructive Technology Assessment.
2017. Technological forecasting and social change, 115, 99–110. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2016.09.024
Presentations
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.
System analysis of energy storage for stationary grid application. An economic and ecological perspective.
2017. 2nd International Conference on Power Energy Engineering, München, July 17-18, 2017 
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.; Peters, J.
Sustainability assessment of energy storage for stationary grid application.
2017. 7th International Symposium on Energy, Manchester, GB, August 13-17, 2017 
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.
Nachhaltigkeitsanalysen - Speicher und Netze.
2017. Energie System 2050 (2017), Berlin, Germany, May 29–31, 2017 
Posters
Weil, M.; Baumann, M.; Peters, J.; Rodrigues Garcia, G.; Ziemann, S.; Versteeg, T.
Life cycle sustainability assessment of nano-enabled energy storage technologies.
2017. 9th Indo-German Frontiers of Engineering Symposium, Jaipur, IND, March 9-12, 2017 
2016
Presentations
Weil, M.; Peters, J.; Rodrigues Garcia, G.; Baumann, M.; Ziemann, S.; Zimmermann, B.
Lebenszyklusorientierte Nachhaltigkeitsanalysen von Energiespeichern für mobile und stationäre Anwendungen.
2016. Nachhaltiges Energie- und Stoffstrommanagment, Universität Freiburg, 20.04.2016 
2015
Presentations
Baumann, M.; Emmerich, P.; Weil, M.
Soziale Nachhaltigkeitsbewertung.
2015. Projekttreffen "Energie System 2050" (2015), Frankfurt am Main, Germany, May 8–9, 2015 

Contact

Dr.-Ing. Marcel Weil
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe
Germany

Tel.: +49 721 608-26718
E-Mail