Within the globalization of commodity markets, the orientation of the economy towards "bioeconomy" and the energy transition, biomass is gaining importance for Germany as food, raw materials and energy sources. The versatile possibilities of using biomass will generate an additional demand on the world market. Beside the general availability of biomass, it depends on a number of other factors, whether biomass potentials are tapped and whether an import is economically and ecologically sensible. Central starting point is the analysis of foreign trade.
Against this background, a detailed overview of the currently most important biomass sources in terms of quantity and value as well as their origin countries was provided for Germany, based on the imports of 2014. The used data basis was the German foreign trade statistic in the GENESIS database of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). After narrowing down and defining the term "biomass", a re-categorization of the biomass positions contained in the GENESIS database was conducted, tailored to the three previously defined main biomass categories of "woody biomass", "fruit and stalk type biomass" and "animals and animal products". In addition to a differentiated quantity and value related analysis of imported biomass / biogenic products and their origin countries, the results were then restricted to the key combinations of biomass and origin country using several iterations and aggregation levels.
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