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Tech Center a-drive: Conditions of possibility and impacts of automated driving

Tech Center a-drive: Conditions of possibility and impacts of automated driving
Project team:

Grunwald, Armin (Project leader); Torsten Fleischer (Project coordination); Johannes Hirsch (until 2017); Silvia Woll

Funding:

MWK Baden-Württemberg

Start date:

2016

End date:

2019

Project partners:

Ulm University (main responsibility); FZI Research Center for Information Technology; Daimler AG

Research group:

Mobility Futures

Project description

Automation has increasingly found its way into the traffic sector and aims at tasks which have so far been a human domain. Currently this applies especially to the automation of driving tasks in road vehicles. As a consequence of the technological change in information and communication technology, many developers do not only consider these highly complex tasks as controllable, but they are also linked with numerous social performance promises: improved road safety, increased efficiency of the traffic system, additional user comfort, and extended mobility options are the ones which are typically mentioned. The long-term goal is not only the extensive automation of (road) vehicles but also to develop them to a point where they can become really autonomous road users.

The Tech Center a-drive, a consortium of the scientific partners Ulm University, FZI Research Center for Information Technology, and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) on the one hand and the industrial partner Daimler AG on the other, pools the expertise in the field of autonomous driving in Baden-Württemberg.

ITAS is responsible for a Tech Center work package which adds a complementary perspective to the technical research of the project: that of mobility-related innovation research. Analytical starting point is the observation that personal mobility is performed in sociotechnical systems where technologies, infrastructures, and human behavior interact in many ways. This network is modified with the market introduction of automated vehicles. New mobility options are opened up for user groups which have so far been excluded for different reasons, technological systems (like autonomous vehicles) enter the network as autonomous actors, and new forms of co-operation between humans and technology – both as users of the means of transport and as interaction partner in the traffic environment – have to be tested and, if applicable, assessed regarding their legal, ethical, and social impacts.

Especially the expectations and perceptions of laypersons regarding automated driving are empirically analyzed in the project. The underlying scenario is "Vehicle on Demand (VoD)", a vehicle which comes autonomously to the user and either returns autonomously to a parking position or is available to other users after the ride. This scenario consistently implements the development vision of expanded participation in individual motorized mobility for user groups which have so far been excluded. It provides a number of essential new mobility service concepts for more resource-efficient and environmentally friendly traffic, but its socio-technical realization is also a great challenge.

Further information:

Publications


2019
Journal Articles
Presentations
Fleischer, T.
Wie autonomes Fahren das zukünftige Mobilitätsverhalten verändern könnte und welche Nachhaltigkeitseffekte dies mit sich bringen würde.
2019. 12. Daimler Sustainability Dialogue, Mercedes-Benz Museum (2019), Stuttgart, Germany, November 21, 2019 
Grunwald, A.
Autonomes Fahren - Ethische und rechtliche Fragen.
2019. Diskussionsabend HAdW “Autonomes Fahren” (2019), Karlsruhe, Germany, September 23, 2019 
Grunwald, A.
Ethik des autonomen Fahrens - die Ethik-Kommission.
2019. 6. Mobile Machines (2019), Stuttgart, Germany, May 14–15, 2019 
Grunwald, A.
Ethische Herausforderungen des autonomen Fahrens.
2019. Ringvorlesung ETHIKUM (2019), Stuttgart, Germany, January 17, 2019 
Grunwald, A.
Wieviel und welche Mobilität braucht die Gesellschaft des 21. Jahrhunderts?.
2019. Zukunft der Mobilität. Symposium der Leopoldina-Klasse I: Mathematik, Natur- und Technikwisschenschaften (2019), Halle, Germany, March 20–21, 2019 
Grunwald, A.
Zukunft der Mobilität zwischen utopischen Vorstellungen und Stillstand.
2019. Regionalkonferenz Mobilität (2019), Salzburg, Austria, March 19, 2019 
2018
Journal Articles
Grunwald, A.
Self-driving cars: Risk constellation and acceptance issues.
2018. Delphi - Interdisciplinary review of emerging technologies, 1 (1), 8–13 
Presentations
Grunwald, A.
Self-driving cars: ethical challenges and the debate in Germany.
2018. Perm Polytechnical University (2018), Perm, Russia, December 3, 2018 
Grunwald, A.
Autonomes Fahren - Technikfolgen, Ethik und Risiken.
2018. 2. Fachkonferenz ’Automatisiertes und autonomes Fahren’ (2018), Heilbronn, Germany, November 13, 2018 
Grunwald, A.
Risiken des autonomen Fahrens für die Gesellschaft.
2018, January. Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Köln, 12.September 2018 
Grunwald, A.
The role of ethics in the German public debate on self-driving cars.
2018. 15th Conference of the International Society for Utilitarian Studies (ISUS 2018), Karlsruhe, Germany, July 24–26, 2018 
Grunwald, A.
Autonomes Fahren - Technikfolgen, Ethik und Risiken.
2018. Gala-Abend des Präsidenten, KIT, Karlsruhe, 22.Februar 2018 
2017
Conference Papers
Grunwald, A.
Ethik und Risiko. Zur Akzeptanz selbstfahrender Autos.
2017. AUTOREG 2017 – Automatisiertes Fahren und vernetzte Mobilität : 8.VDI/VDE Fachtagung Berlin, 5.-6.Juli 2017, 21–32, VDI Verl., Düsseldorf 
Presentations
Fleischer, T.
Möglichkeitsbedingungen und Folgen automatisierten Fahrens.
2017. TechCenter a-Drive Workshop ’Deep Learning on the Road’, Ulm, 15.November 2017 
Fleischer, T.
Self-driving cars: TA questions along their way from a promise to a solution.
2017. Shaping the Future of Mobility : European Parliamentary Technology Assessment Conference 2017, Luzern, CH, November 8, 2017 
Fleischer, T.
Automatisiertes Fahren ist mehr als automatisiert zu fahren.
2017. Connected Mobility : TalKIT Technologieforum, Karlsruhe, 10.-11.Mai 2017 
Grunwald, A.
Ethik und Risiko. Zur Akzeptanz selbstfahrender Autos.
2017. 8.VDI/VDE Fachtagung AUTOREG 2017 – Automatisiertes Fahren und vernetzte Mobilität, Berlin, 5.-6.Juli 2017 
2016
Book Chapters
Grunwald, A.
Societal Risk Constellations for Autonomous Driving : Analysis, Historical Context and Assessment.
2016. Autonomous Driving : Technical, Legal and Social Aspects. Ed.: M. Maurer, 641–663, Springer, Berlin. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-48847-8_30
Presentations
Fleischer, T.
Möglichkeitsbedingungen autonomen Fahrens. Oder über die ’kleinen’ Herausforderungen bei einem Versuch einen Grand Challenge zu bewältigen.
2016. 7.Internationale Tagung des Netzwerks Technikfolgenabschätzung ’Grand Challenges meistern’, Bonn, 16.-18.November 2016 
Fleischer, T.
Möglichkeitsbedingungen und Folgen autonmatisierten Fahrens.
2016. TechCenter a-Drive, Workshop ’Deep Learning’, Karlsruhe, 10.November 2016 
Grunwald, A.
Digitale Ethik: Autonomes Autofahren.
2016. Ericsson Morning Briefing, Berlin, 9.November 2016 
Grunwald, A.
Autonomes Autofahren als Herausforderung für Technikethik.
2016. Landesakademie Baden-Württemberg, Seminar Lehrerfortbildung, Stuttgart, 6.Juli 2016 
Grunwald, A.
Autonomes Autofahren.
2016. Katholischer Studentenverein CV Arminia, Universität Bonn, 26.Januar 2016 

Contact

Dipl.-Phys. Torsten Fleischer
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
P.O. Box 3640
76021 Karlsruhe
Germany

Tel.: +49 721 608-24571
E-Mail