J. Jörissen, J. Schippl, C. Dieckhoff, N. Gronwald, A. Grunwald, N. Hartlieb, U. Mielicke, O. Parodi, T. Reinhardt, V. Stelzer
Global environmental problems such as climate change, limited access to clean water, decline in biodiversity or growing demand for raw materials put increasing pressure on the socioeconomic and political systems. Albeit many of nowadays environmental problems are caused directly or indirectly by the application of technologies, at the same time, technologies have the potential to reduce these problems. Against this background, the project "Roadmap Environmental Technologies 2020" (funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research) explores to which extent research and development activities will be able to foster future environmental innovations. It will support the process of identifying strategic policy options for promoting developments and commercial applications in the field of environmental technologies. In a comprehensive State-of-the-Art-Report relevant environmental problems are being presented along with corresponding technologies contributing to solving or mitigating these problems. This is being done for seven environmental fields of action: Climate protection, air pollution control, water management, soil protection, increase of resource productivity, waste management and preservation of nature and biodiversity. The State-of-the-Art-Report offers a wide-ranging overview on mature technologies and their markets, on new technologies and their potentials as well as on obstacles and bottlenecks for the development and implementation of new technologies. The paper at hand summarises key-findings from the seven environmental areas. For each of these areas a so-called "technology compass" illustrates the mutual relationship between problems, strategies and technologies.