Halbritter G.; Fleischer, T.; Kupsch, Chr.; Kloas, J.; Voigt, U.;
unter Mitarbeit von Fulda, E. und Gödel, J.
Karlsruhe: Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe 2005
(Wissenschaftliche Berichte, FZKA 7157), 434 Seiten
[Volltext/pdf, 6 124 kb] [Zusammenfassung] [Inhaltsverzeichnis] [Kurzfassung] [Kurzfassung/pdf, 143 kb]
The study „Innovation strategies for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) to reach a ‚sustainable development' in the transport sector“ is carried out on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) by the Institute of Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) of the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft and the German Institute for Economic Research - DIW Berlin (contract no. 19 M 2006). Initial point is the thesis that the successful deployment of innovations in the transport sector is not just based on primary conditions (such as the scientific and technological state-of-the-art of a country) but also on so-called secondary conditions like the societal and national (legal) framework.
Within the scope of this study the latter were investigated for the development and deployment of ITS-systems in different countries as well as the transferability of the experiences made with those ITS success models for German implementation conditions. The fact finding was restricted to those ITS-applications which promise to foster sustainability (sustainable development) in the transport sector. This textual orientation reveals that innovations can only be assessed with reference to a normative system.
In order to perform the international comparative analysis it was necessary to first identify countries with experiences from relevant projects. Because it was not possible to investigate all eligible countries, the analysis was limited to multinational projects of the European Union (EU), to projects in different European states as well as to projects in the USA, Japan and Australia. Further on road pricing projects in Singapore and Hong Kong are dealt with as well. Of special importance for the analysis of ITS-innovation-strategies were interviews with experts in the USA, Austria, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland. They were the basis for the analysis of the institutional and organisational conditionswithin the administrative sectors concerned. Finally, interviews with German experts were hold in order to deduce the success factors for deploying ITS-innovations for German deployment conditions, one of the major topics dealt with in the study.
Main focus of the analyses of ITAS were ITS-based traffic information and transport organization systems, deployed in the USA, Japan, Austria and Switzerland. The contribution of the DIW Berlin was primarily focused on ITS in connection with pricing measures considering Sweden, Norway, Great Britain and the Netherlands in particular.